A cumulus parametrization with a prognostic closure

Abstract

SUMMARY The paper describes the introduction of a prognostic cumulus kinetic energy (CKE) as a replacement for the quasi-equilibrium closure hypothesis of Arakawa and Schubert (AS). In the original version of the AS parametrization, the cloud work function, a measure of the convective available potential energy, is assumed to be maintained at 'small' values… (More)

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