AIMS This cross-sectional study describes the catheter management of neurogenic bladder (NGB) in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI) with emphasis on the motivations behind transitions between intermittent (IC) and indwelling catheters. METHODS Patients at the Minneapolis VA with history of tSCI who utilized either intermittent catheterization (IC), urethral (UC) or suprapubic (SP) catheters, participated in a voluntary, anonymous survey regarding their bladder management strategies. RESULTS A total of 100 patients participated, 94% were male and 90% Caucasian with median age of 61 years. Patients with current UC or SP were older than those utilizing IC (P = 0.002). The median age at injury and years since SCI were 32 years and 20.5 years, respectively. The median time with current modality was 11 years. A total of 27% of all patients reported at least one transition between catheter type. A total of 14 of 54 patients using IC had prior use of UC or SP, while 12/25 patients using SP and 10/21 patients using UC had prior use of IC. The most common reasons to stop IC included inconvenience, physician recommendation, and dislike of IC. A total of 53% of patients currently using UC or SP reported never using IC. Patients currently using SP were more content with their current catheterization method than those using UC or IC (P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS Among patients using catheters for NGB, intermittent catheterization was the most common modality utilized and the transition between intermittent and indwelling catheter was most often influenced by patient preferences and clinician recommendations.