A cross-sectional study of smoking and bone mineral density in premenopausal parous women: effect of body mass index, breastfeeding, and sports participation.

@article{Jones1999ACS,
  title={A cross-sectional study of smoking and bone mineral density in premenopausal parous women: effect of body mass index, breastfeeding, and sports participation.},
  author={Graeme Jones and Fiona Scott},
  journal={Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research},
  year={1999},
  volume={14 9},
  pages={1628-33}
}
The objective of this cross-sectional study was to describe the relationship between cigarette smoking, effect modifiers, and bone density in premenopausal parous women. We studied a sample of 276 women (mean age 33 years) from Southern Tasmania. The study factors were cigarette smoking, body mass index (BMI), sports participation, and breastfeeding history. Bone mineral density was measured utilizing an Hologic QDR 2000 densitometer and converted to Z scores using the group mean and variance… CONTINUE READING

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