A cross-cultural study of behavioral inhibition in toddlers: East–West–North–South

@article{Rubin2006ACS,
  title={A cross-cultural study of behavioral inhibition in toddlers: East–West–North–South},
  author={Kenneth H. Rubin and Sheryl A. Hemphill and Xinyin Chen and Paul D. Hastings and Ann V. Sanson and Alida Lo Coco and Carla Zappulla and Ock Boon Chung and Sung-Yun Park and Hyun-Sim Doh and Huichang Chen and Ling Sun and Chong-Hee Yoon and Liyin Cui},
  journal={International Journal of Behavioral Development},
  year={2006},
  volume={30},
  pages={219 - 226}
}
The prevalence of behavioral inhibition in toddlers was examined in five cultures. Participants in this study included 110 Australian, 108 Canadian, 151 Chinese, 104 Italian, and 113 South Korean toddlers and their mothers who were observed during a structured observational laboratory session. Matched procedures were used in each country, with children encountering an unfamiliar stranger with a truck and a robot. Indicators of inhibition included the length of time toddlers delayed before… 

Tables from this paper

East–west, collectivist-individualist: A cross-cultural examination of temperament in toddlers from Chile, Poland, South Korea, and the U.S.*
TLDR
Examination of toddler temperament across Chilean, South Korean, Polish, and U.S. samples provides evidence of cross-cultural differences between the four samples, and discusses the apparent roles of individualism/collectivism and East–West distinctions in shaping temperament development.
Young children’s perceptions of social withdrawal in China and Canada
The goal of the present study was to explore attitudes and responses to different forms of social withdrawal in China and Canada. Participants in this study were children in early elementary school
The assessment of an inhibited, anxiety-prone temperament in a Dutch multi-ethnic population of preschool children
TLDR
Support is provided for the reliability and validity of the Behavioral Inhibition Questionnaire-Short Form as an economical method for assessing behavioral inhibition and anxiety proneness in young children.
Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Infant Fear
Cross-cultural investigations addressing the development of individual differences are important because these speak to the generalizability of results and the extent to which the development of
Relations of Behavioural Inhibition with Shyness and Social Competence in Chinese Children: Moderating Effects of Maternal Parenting
The purpose of the study was to examine how behavioural inhibition was associated with shyness and social competence and how maternal parenting moderated the associations in urban Chinese children.
A Cross-Cultural Study on Attachment and Adjustment Difficulties in Adolescence: The Mediating Role of Self-Control in Italy, Spain, China, and Poland
TLDR
Results highlighted both similarities and differences across countries in the interplay between maternal vs. paternal attachment and self-control on adolescents’ adjustment difficulties.
Early childhood behavioral inhibition and social and school adjustment in chinese children: a 5-year longitudinal study.
TLDR
Behavioral inhibition was found to be positively associated with later cooperative behavior, peer liking, perceived social integration, positive school attitudes, and school competence, and negatively associated withLater learning problems.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 84 REFERENCES
Child-rearing attitudes and behavioral inhibition in Chinese and Canadian toddlers: a cross-cultural study.
TLDR
The results indicated different adaptational meanings of behavioral inhibition across cultures; Chinese toddlers were significantly more inhibited than their Canadian counterparts.
The consistency and concomitants of inhibition: some of the children, all of the time.
TLDR
Toddlers with highly fearful temperaments and highly oversolicitous mothers were the most inhibited across contexts, and there was little consistency of inhibited behavior across the 3 situations.
Inhibition: its stability and correlates in sixteen- to forty-month-old children.
TLDR
Inhibited children engaged in less high-quality peer play both at home and in the alternative care settings, and they were less able to play alone in their mothers' absence.
Loneliness and social adaptation in Brazilian, Canadian, Chinese and Italian children: a multi-national comparative study.
TLDR
The results suggest that the nature of children's loneliness may be affected by the broad socio-cultural context.
Development of inhibited children's coping with unfamiliarity.
TLDR
It is suggested that dispositional inhibition toward strangers becomes increasingly associated with unsociable behavior, which makes it difficult to distinguish between the dispositions of inhibition and unsociability at the empirical level.
Stability and social-behavioral consequences of toddlers' inhibited temperament and parenting behaviors.
TLDR
Maternal behaviors moderated the relation between toddlers' peer inhibition and preschoolers' social reticence, and revealed meaningful connections between toddler inhibition, maternal intrusive control and derision, and nonsocial behaviors at age 4.
Inhibition in toddlerhood and the dynamics of the child's interaction with an unfamiliar peer at age five.
TLDR
No differences in social behavior were found between children of normal and affectively ill mothers during a brief encounter with unfamiliar peers, in contrast to existing evidence that maternal depression may be a risk factor for the child's long-term peer relationships.
Behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar.
TLDR
It is suggested that a tendency toward behavioral inhibition or lack of inhibition to the unfamiliar is moderately stable over the preschool years and possibly influenced by biological factors.
Exploring reciprocal parent and child effects in the case of child inhibition in US and Korean samples
TLDR
Analyses revealed that child effects on parenting were more pronounced than parenting effects on child behaviour; that mothers were more affected by child inhibition than fathers; and that the greater the child’s inhibition, the more parents encouraged approach behaviour, encouraged/accepted withdrawal, and discouraged withdrawal.
Maternal beliefs about adaptive and maladaptive social behaviors in normal, aggressive, and withdrawn preschoolers
TLDR
Comparisons with mothers of normal, aggressive, and anxious-withdrawn preschoolers with regard to their beliefs about how socially competent behaviors are learned and their beliefs concerning the origins of two types of maladaptive behaviors-aggression and withdrawal indicated that mothers of withdrawn children were more likely than mothers of average children to believe that social skills should best be taught in a directive manner.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...