A critical review of the successful CFC phase-out versus the delayed methyl bromide phase-out in the Montreal Protocol

  title={A critical review of the successful CFC phase-out versus the delayed methyl bromide phase-out in the Montreal Protocol},
  author={Brian J. Gareau},
  journal={International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics},
  • Brian J. Gareau
  • Published 12 February 2010
  • Economics
  • International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
The Montreal Protocol is often described as an international environmental agreement par excellence. After all, it successfully led to the phase-out of almost 95% of all chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) use. A critical review of the Protocol’s history, however, suggests that its successes are deeply entrenched in the economic opportunities that were made available to phase out CFCs. The Montreal Protocol, in other words, was a “best-case scenario” for CFC producers. This may be problematic for… 
Halon management and ozone-depleting substances control in Jordan
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How early warnings given by vigilant scientists highlighted the dangers of ODS and calls for action and boycotts by concerned citizens 35 years ago and regulatory actions taken by governments worldwide 25 years ago successfully phased out ODSs and avoided global catastrophe are explained.
Lessons from the stratospheric ozone layer protection for climate
  • S. Andersen
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences
  • 2015
Ozone protection was the result of professional confidence and sacrifice; brilliant interdisciplinary science and the good fortune of an ozone hole with no explanation other than manufactured
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Since fluorine compounds have both high ozone depletion potential and high global warming potential, the study of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) and perfluorocarbons (PFCs) is crucial for climate change
Sociology in Global Environmental Governance? Neoliberalism, Protectionism and the Methyl Bromide Controversy in the Montreal Protocol
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The importance of finding the path forward to climate-safe refrigeration and air conditioning: thinking outside the box and without limits
Recently, an influential segment of the refrigeration and air conditioning engineering community has been making the provocative case that (1) every refrigerant is already identified, (2) none of the
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Human interference with the nitrogen cycle has doubled reactive nitrogen inputs to the global biosphere over the past century, leading to changes across multiple environmental issues that require
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This special issue on Ozone Layer Protection and Climate Change reflects the leadership of the Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences (AESS) in drawing interdisciplinary attention to


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The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, a multilateral environmental agreement, has successfully eliminated the use of most ozone-depleting chlorofluoro-carbons. As a
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The emergence of scientific evidence that emissions of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) were depleting the stratospheric ozone layer prompted an epistemic community of atmospheric scientists and concerned
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List of Acronyms. Introduction: The Montreal Regime: A New Model for International Cooperation on Global Environmental Issues? P.G. Le Prestre, et al. The Scientist and the Politician. Stratospheric
The economic importance of methyl bromide: Does the California strawberry industry qualify for a critical use exemption from the methyl bromide ban?
Methyl bromide has been applied to California strawberries for forty years. However, it will be banned in the United States and other developed countries in 2005. Critical use exemptions provide a
Economic Analysis, Environmental Policy, and Intergenerational Justice in the Reagan Administration The Case of the Montreal Protocol
Economic arguments played a significant role in the decision by the Reagan Administration to lead the international effort to protect the stratospheric ozone layer from depletion caused by certain
The Military's Role in Protection of the Ozone Layer.
The U.S. military not only supports the Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer, but actually leads the world in identifying, developing, and implementing many of the most sophisticated ODS alternatives.
The Methyl Bromide Ban: Economic Impacts on the California Strawberry Industry
California strawberry production accounts for 18% of total methyl bromide use in U.S. agriculture. Under the Montreal Protocol, methyl bromide was slated to be banned in the United States in 2005. A
The Global Environment in the Twenty-First Century: Prospects for International Cooperation
This volume examines the roles of different actors in the formulation of international and national environmental policy. It starts from the premise that while cooperation among nation states has