A critical review of the risks to water resources from unconventional shale gas development and hydraulic fracturing in the United States.

  title={A critical review of the risks to water resources from unconventional shale gas development and hydraulic fracturing in the United States.},
  author={Avner Vengosh and Robert B. Jackson and Nathaniel R. Warner and Thomas H Darrah and Andrew J Kondash},
  journal={Environmental science \& technology},
  volume={48 15},
The rapid rise of shale gas development through horizontal drilling and high volume hydraulic fracturing has expanded the extraction of hydrocarbon resources in the U.S. The rise of shale gas development has triggered an intense public debate regarding the potential environmental and human health effects from hydraulic fracturing. This paper provides a critical review of the potential risks that shale gas operations pose to water resources, with an emphasis on case studies mostly from the U.S… 

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