A critical review of the (un)conscious basis for system‐supporting attitudes of the disadvantaged

  title={A critical review of the (un)conscious basis for system‐supporting attitudes of the disadvantaged},
  author={C. Owuamalam and Mark Rubin and R. Spears},
  journal={Social and Personality Psychology Compass},
Is support for societal systems amongst the disadvantaged driven by an (un)conscious system justification motive that is independent from self-interests? System justification theory (SJT) is unique in its affirmative answer to this question. SJT proposes (a) that support for societal systems operates in the service of maintaining the status quo, (b) that the evidence for this system justification motive lies with the fact that members of disadvantaged groups (un)consciously support societal… Expand
Is a system motive really necessary to explain the system justification effect? A response to Jost (2019) and Jost, Badaan, Goudarzi, Hoffarth, and Mogami (2019).
It is concluded that SJT theorists should decide whether system justification is oppositional to, or compatible with social identity motives, and that this dilemma could be resolved by relinquishing the theoretically problematic notion of a system justification motivation. Expand
Advancing a Social Identity Model of System Attitudes
Abstract The connection between social identity and attitudes toward the criminal justice system (CJS) is an area of interest among criminologists and legitimacy scholars. Previous work has proposedExpand
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The Government Receives Moral License to Commit Transgressions When Compared to Other Entities
Abstract In this paper, we examine moral judgments about different entities including individuals, corporations, nonprofits, and governments following a transgression. Although there is some researchExpand


A Decade of System Justification Theory: Accumulated Evidence of Conscious and Unconscious Bolstering of the Status Quo
Most theories in social and political psychology stress self-interest, intergroup conflict, ethnocentrism, homophily, ingroup bias, outgroup antipathy, dominance, and resistance. System justificationExpand
The System Justification Conundrum: Re-Examining the Cognitive Dissonance Basis for System Justification
Key cognitive dissonance assumptions for SJT 's central proposition that support for unequal systems should be higher among members of disadvantaged groups than amongMembers of advantaged groups when personal and group interests are weak are re-examine. Expand
Addressing Evidential and Theoretical Inconsistencies in System-Justification Theory with a Social Identity Model of System Attitudes
System-justification theory (SJT) proposes that people have an inherent motive to support societal systems, even at the expense of their personal and group interests. However, the evidence for thisExpand
Social Inequality and the Reduction of Ideological Dissonance on Behalf of the System: Evidence of Enhanced System Justification among the Disadvantaged
According to system justification theory, people are motivated to preserve the belief that existing social arrangements are fair, legitimate, and justifiable (Jost & Banaji, 1994). The strongest formExpand
The Development of System Justification in the Developing World
System justification theorists have proposed that under some circumstances ‘‘people who suffer the most from a given state of affairs are paradoxically the least likely to question, challenge,Expand
Shared Reality, System Justification, and the Relational Basis of Ideological Beliefs
Although it is tempting to think that one’s political convictions reflect independent and unbiased thinking, research increasingly suggests that ideologies reflect motivational processes. The presentExpand
Special Issue: System Justification Theory: Motivated Social Cognition in the Service of the Status Quo
To try to understand why this is so, Jost and Banaji (1994) introduced system justifi cation theory, which holds that individuals are motivated (at least in part) to rationalize the status quo, thatExpand
The role of stereotyping in system‐justification and the production of false consciousness
Although the concept of justification has played a significant role in many social psychological theories, its presence in recent examinations of stereotyping has been minimal. We describe andExpand
Missing in (Collective) Action
Social-psychological models of collective action emphasize three antecedents of protest: (a) anger at perceived injustice, (b) social identification, and (c) beliefs about group efficacy. TheseExpand
Do the disadvantaged legitimize the social system? A large-scale test of the status-legitimacy hypothesis.
  • M. Brandt
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2013
The author examined the status-legitimacy hypothesis using data from 3 representative sets of data from the United States and throughout the world to reveal weak evidence, null evidence, or contrary evidence to the dissonance-inspired status- Legitimacies hypothesis. Expand