A criterion for the fragmentation of bubbly magma based on brittle failure theory

@article{Zhang1999ACF,
  title={A criterion for the fragmentation of bubbly magma based on brittle failure theory},
  author={Youxue Zhang},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1999},
  volume={402},
  pages={648-650}
}
The fragmentation of bubbly magma is a defining point in a volcanic eruption—before fragmentation the magma flows relatively slowly, during fragmentation the bubbles break up to release compressed gas and, afterwards, the eruption becomes a violent gas flow carrying suspended magma particles. Seemingly benign lava flows or domes can suddenly fragment into deadly pyroclastic flows. Several criteria have been proposed to define the point of magma fragmentation or foam stability. The criterion of… CONTINUE READING
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