A contextual change account of the directed forgetting effect.

@article{Sahakyan2002ACC,
  title={A contextual change account of the directed forgetting effect.},
  author={Lili Sahakyan and Colleen M. Kelley},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={2002},
  volume={28 6},
  pages={
          1064-72
        }
}
The authors propose that the costs and benefits of directed forgetting in the list method result from an internal context change that occurs between the presentations of 2 lists in response to a "forget" instruction. In Experiment 1 of this study, costs and benefits akin to those found in directed forgetting were obtained in the absence of a forget instruction by a direct manipulation of cognitive context change. Experiment 2 of this study replicated those findings using a different cognitive… 

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In two experiments, induced both forget and remember participants to evaluate their memory performance on the two lists, and the role of performance evaluation in mediating directed forgetting benefits is discussed.
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The costs of directed forgetting within the framework of a search model were investigated and it was argued that the retrieval deficits observed in list-method directed forgetting paradigms are due, in part, to the fact that individuals sample a greater number of items during retrieval in the forget-condition, thereby creating greater response competition compared with retrieval inThe remember-condition.
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Inhibitory deficits in older adults: list-method directed forgetting revisited.
  • M. Zellner, K. Bäuml
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 2006
TLDR
The present results challenge the proposal of a general inhibitory deficit in older adults' memory performance, which is assumed to reflect retrieval inhibition in list-method directed forgetting.
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