A construct validation study of the Haan defense scales.

@article{Harder1992ACV,
  title={A construct validation study of the Haan defense scales.},
  author={David W. Harder},
  journal={Journal of clinical psychology},
  year={1992},
  volume={48 5},
  pages={606-16}
}
This study tested the validity of the Haan (1965) psychological defense scales, which have shown promise for clinical and research assessment. Three subject samples participated: ex-inpatients (n = 80) from a longitudinal high-risk project, their spouses (n = 104), and private college students (n = 124). Valid defense scales were predicted to show a specific pattern of correlations with MMPI ego-strength and standard scales across all three cohorts, with measures of symptoms among the ex… CONTINUE READING

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