A conceptual framework for the study of human ecosystems in urban areas

@article{Pickett2005ACF,
  title={A conceptual framework for the study of human ecosystems in urban areas},
  author={Steward T. A. Pickett and William R. Burch and Shawn E. Dalton and Timothy W. Foresman and J. Morgan Grove and Rowan A. Rowntree},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
  year={2005},
  volume={1},
  pages={185-199}
}
The need for integrated concepts, capable of satisfying natural and social scientists and supporting integrated research, motivates a conceptual framework for understanding the role of humans in ecosystems. The question is how to add humans to the ecological models used to understand urban ecosystems. The ecosystem concept can serve as the basis, but specific social attributes of humans and their institutions must be added. Learning and feedback between the human and natural components of urban… 
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