A conceptual framework for the study of human ecosystems in urban areas

  title={A conceptual framework for the study of human ecosystems in urban areas},
  author={Steward T. A. Pickett and William R. Burch and Shawn E. Dalton and Timothy W. Foresman and J. Morgan Grove and Rowan A. Rowntree},
  journal={Urban Ecosystems},
The need for integrated concepts, capable of satisfying natural and social scientists and supporting integrated research, motivates a conceptual framework for understanding the role of humans in ecosystems. The question is how to add humans to the ecological models used to understand urban ecosystems. The ecosystem concept can serve as the basis, but specific social attributes of humans and their institutions must be added. Learning and feedback between the human and natural components of urban… 
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The rapid urbanization of the human population raises concerns about the sustainability of cities then the influence of technology and industry has produced lots of changes in urban ecological
Advancing urban ecological studies: Frameworks, concepts, and results from the Baltimore Ecosystem Study
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Making the Case for Landscape Ecology
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The ecology of urban areas and their functions for species diversity
  • P. Werner
  • Environmental Science
    Landscape and Ecological Engineering
  • 2011
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Urban ecological systems: scientific foundations and a decade of progress.


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Humans as components of ecosystems : the ecology of subtle human effects and populated areas
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Watershed Ecosystem Analysis as a Basis for Multiple-Use Management of Eastern Forests.
  • J. HornbeckW. Swank
  • Environmental Science
    Ecological applications : a publication of the Ecological Society of America
  • 1992
This paper provides illustrations of how watershed ecosystem analysis can be used to study the effects of current harvesting practices, acidic deposition, and past land use, and how recommendations for land use are derived and put into practice.
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