A comprehensive review of the anatomical variations in the right atrium and their clinical significance

  title={A comprehensive review of the anatomical variations in the right atrium and their clinical significance},
  author={Rafik Shereen and Sang Ho Lee and Sonja Salandy and Wallisa Roberts and Marios Loukas},
  journal={Translational Research in Anatomy},
5 Citations

Correct human cardiac nomenclature.

The limitations of Valentinian nomenclature are emphasized, proper anatomical names of the most important heart's structures are presented and the advocate to change certain mislabeled anatomical structures are advocated.

Two cases of catheters inserted from the femoral vein straying into the hepatic vein, possibly owing to a Eustachian valve: a case report

Two cases in which a guidewire and venous cannula from the FV strayed into the HV, likely owing to a Eustachian valve are reported.

Polygonal surface processing and mesh generation tools for the numerical simulation of the cardiac function

  • M. FedeleA. Quarteroni
  • Computer Science
    International journal for numerical methods in biomedical engineering
  • 2021
This work proposes a set of new algorithms and tools aiming to facilitate the mesh generation process and details all the proposed algorithms motivating them in the cardiac context, and highlights their flexibility by showing different examples of cardiac mesh generation pipelines.



Right atrial appendage and vestibule: further anatomical insights with implications for invasive electrophysiology.

  • Akiko UedaK. McCarthyD. Sánchez-QuintanaS. Ho
  • Medicine, Biology
    Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology
  • 2013
The RCA proximity in the inferior portion of the vestibule and the deeper fatty plane of the anterior atrioventricular groove are important anatomical features relevant to accessory pathway ablation.

Clinical anatomy of the atrial septum with reference to its developmental components

New and old accounts of cardiac embryology with regard to the definitive structure of the atrial septum are reviewed and the key to understanding is to distinguish between folds of theatrial wall and true interatrial partitions.

Living anatomy of the atrioventricular junctions. A guide to electrophysiologic mapping. A Consensus Statement from the Cardiac Nomenclature Study Group, Working Group of Arrhythmias, European Society of Cardiology, and the Task Force on Cardiac Nomenclature from NASPE.

A consensus document has been prepared by experts from the Working Group of Arrhythmias of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology that proposes a new anatomically sound nomenclature that will be applicable to all chambers of the heart.

The importance of atrial structure and fibers

The three‐dimensional arrangement of gross atrial structures, the myoarchitecture and variations in muscular interatrial connections are summarized to provide a morphologic basis for atrial conduction and potential substrates of arrhythmias.

Describing the Cardiac Components—Attitudinally Appropriate Nomenclature

It is surely now incumbent on human anatomists and cardiologists to describe structures within the heart as they are seen relative to the thorax to do no more than follow a basic rule of human anatomy and use attitudinally appropriate terms.

Sinus node revisited in the era of electroanatomical mapping and catheter ablation

The length of the node, the absence of an insulating sheath, the presence of nodal radiations, and caudal fragments offer a potential for multiple breakthroughs of the nodal wavefront.

Anatomy of the atrioventricular Node and atrioventricular conduction System

Being the only muscular pathway connecting atrial with ventricular myocardium, knowledge of its structure can help in developing potential therapies for some forms of cardiac arrhythmias.

Morphology of Atrial Myocardial Extensions Into Human Caval Veins: A Postmortem Study in Patients With and Without Atrial Fibrillation

Atrial myocardial extensions into both CVs are present in the majority of human beings, both with and without a history of AF.

The importance of attitudinally appropriate description of cardiac anatomy

It is suggested that those teaching cardiac anatomy in medical schools should also insist on the use of attitudinally appropriate nomenclature when describing the heart, as is currently the case for all other structures in the body.

Anatomy of the human atrioventricular junctions revisited

The key to unravelling much of the alleged controversy is the recognition that, as indicated by Tawara, the atrioventricular node becomes the atrial myocardium bundle at the point where the overall axis for conduction penetrates into the central fibrous body.