A comprehensive quantification of global nitrous oxide sources and sinks.

  title={A comprehensive quantification of global nitrous oxide sources and sinks.},
  author={Hanqin Tian and Rongting Xu and Josep G. Canadell and Rona Louise Thompson and Wilfried Winiwarter and Parvadha Suntharalingam and Eric A. Davidson and Philippe Ciais and Robert B. Jackson and Greet Janssens‑Maenhout and Michael J. Prather and Pierre R{\'e}gnier and Naiqing Pan and Shufen Pan and Glen P. Peters and Hao Shi and Francesco Nicola Tubiello and S{\"o}nke Zaehle and Feng Zhou and Almut Arneth and Gianna Battaglia and Sarah Berthet and Laurent Bopp and Alexander F. Bouwman and Erik T. Buitenhuis and Jinfeng Chang and Martyn P. Chipperfield and Shree R. S. Dangal and Edward J. Dlugokencky and James W. Elkins and Bradley D. Eyre and Bojie Fu and Bradley D. Hall and Akihiko Ito and Fortunat Joos and Paul B. Krummel and Angela Landolfi and Goulven Gildas Laruelle and Ronny Lauerwald and Wei Li and Sebastian Lienert and Taylor Maavara and Michael MacLeod and Dylan B. Millet and Stefan Olin and Prabir K. Patra and Ronald G. Prinn and Peter A. Raymond and Daniel J. Ruiz and Guido R. van der Werf and Nicolas Vuichard and Junjie Wang and Ray F. Weiss and Kelley C. Wells and Chris Wilson and Jia Yang and Yuanzhi Yao},
  volume={586 7828},
Nitrous oxide (N2O), like carbon dioxide, is a long-lived greenhouse gas that accumulates in the atmosphere. Over the past 150 years, increasing atmospheric N2O concentrations have contributed to stratospheric ozone depletion1 and climate change2, with the current rate of increase estimated at 2 per cent per decade. Existing national inventories do not provide a full picture of N2O emissions, owing to their omission of natural sources and limitations in methodology for attributing anthropogenic… 
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Global N2O Emissions From Cropland Driven by Nitrogen Addition and Environmental Factors: Comparison and Uncertainty Analysis
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Distinctive Patterns and Controls of Nitrous Oxide Concentrations and Fluxes from Urban Inland Waters.
This study demonstrates the significant N2O emissions and their distinctive patterns and controls in urban inland waters and suggests that N 2O emission estimates based on nitrogen loads and simple emission factor values are not appropriate for urban inland water systems.
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There is currently no consensus on how humans are affecting the marine nitrogen (N) cycle, which limits marine biological production and CO2 uptake. Anthropogenic changes in ocean warming,
The Global N2O Model Intercomparison Project
Nitrous oxide (N2O) is an important greenhouse gas and also an ozone-depleting substance that has both natural and anthropogenic sources. Large estimation uncertainty remains on the magnitude and
Global methane and nitrous oxide emissions from terrestrial ecosystems due to multiple environmental changes
Abstract Greenhouse gas (GHG)‐induced climate change is among the most pressing sustainability challenges facing humanity today, posing serious risks for ecosystem health. Methane (CH4) and nitrous
Natural Lakes Are a Minor Global Source of N2O to the Atmosphere
Natural lakes and reservoirs are important yet not well‐constrained sources of greenhouse gasses to the atmosphere. In particular for N2O emissions, a huge variability is observed in the few,
Increased global nitrous oxide emissions from streams and rivers in the Anthropocene
Emissions of nitrous oxide (N 2 O) from the world’s river networks constitute a poorly constrained term in the global N 2 O budget 1 , 2 . This N 2 O component was previously estimated as indirect
The terrestrial biosphere as a net source of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere
The cumulative warming capacity of concurrent biogenic methane and nitrous oxide emissions is a factor of about two larger than the cooling effect resulting from the global land carbon dioxide uptake from 2001 to 2010, which results in a net positive cumulative impact of the three greenhouse gases on the planetary energy budget.
The global nitrous oxide budget revisited
We present an update of the global budget of atmospheric nitrous oxide (N2O) that accounts for recent revisions in estimates of global emissions. Most importantly, new estimates of N2O emissions from
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AbstractThis study assessed historical changes in emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O), a potent greenhouse gas and stratospheric ozone-depleting substance, from the soils of East Asia to the atmosphere.