A comprehensive electrophysiological evaluation of phrenic nerve injury related to open-heart surgery.

A prospective electrophysiological study of phrenic nerve was performed in 59 subjects undergoing open-heart surgery. The nerve was stimulated percutaneously at the neck and the diaphragmatic response was recorded with surface electrodes placed over the 8th intercostal space. The latency, amplitude, duration and area of the evoked response were measured… (More)