A componential view of theory of mind: evidence from Williams syndrome

@article{TagerFlusberg2000ACV,
  title={A componential view of theory of mind: evidence from Williams syndrome},
  author={Helen Tager-Flusberg and Kate Sullivan},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={2000},
  volume={76},
  pages={59-90}
}
In this paper we argue that there are two distinct components of a theory of mind: a social-cognitive and a social-perceptual component. Evidence for this proposal is presented from various sources, including studies of children with Williams syndrome, a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder. Earlier work has demonstrated that people with Williams syndrome appear to be spared in the social-perceptual component of a theory of mind. In this paper we present evidence that they are not spared in… Expand
The perceptual and cognitive component of theory of mind in children with ADHD - a review of studies
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is not only associated with executive dys- function but also - according to the research results - with an impairment of social cognition. This paper is aExpand
Theory of Mind in Williams Syndrome Assessed Using a Nonverbal Task
TLDR
Results indicated a specific deficit in understanding of false belief within the Williams syndrome group, and evidence of heterogeneity in the WS group, with the false belief impairment restricted to only a particular subgroup of WS individuals. Expand
Theory of Mind: Development, Neurobiology, Related Areas and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Theory of mind is a social cognition skills demonstrated its importance in the last forty years with psychiatric clinical trials. Theory of mind is seen as an effective and necessary skill in theExpand
Putting theory of mind in its place: psychological explanations of the socio-emotional-communicative impairments in autistic spectrum disorder
  • J. Boucher
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Autism : the international journal of research and practice
  • 2012
TLDR
It is argued that early explanations of impaired mindreading are untenable for various reasons, but that impairments of dyadic interaction in ASD that could lead to impaired ability to represent others’ mental states may be the critical psychological cause, or causes, of impaired ToM. Expand
The other end of the spectrum? Social cognition in Williams syndrome.
In typical development, social cognitive abilities are, by definition, predictable based on the child’s chronological age. As a consequence, it is difficult to know whether associations betweenExpand
Evidence from paranoid schizophrenia for more than one component of theory of mind
TLDR
The hypothesis that there is more than one component to theory of mind (ToM) is supported, as correlations between the different EF measures and ToM tests would differ sufficiently within and between groups to support this hypothesis. Expand
Social-perceptual abilities in adolescents and adults with Williams syndrome
TLDR
Findings argue against the view that in WMS social-perceptual abilities are relatively spared and can explain the social profile associated with this neurodevelopmental disorder. Expand
The relationship of theory of mind and executive functions to symptom type and severity in children with autism
TLDR
A proposed distinction between higher level, cognitive–linguistic aspects of theory of mind and related executive control skills, and more fundamental social–perceptual processes involved in the apprehension of mental state information conveyed through eyes, faces, and voices, which may be more closely linked to autistic deficits in social reciprocity are discussed. Expand
Social-Perceptual and Social-Cognitive Skills in Young Children with Williams Syndrome: Evidence for Discontinuity
Abstract Dissociations between social-perceptual (i.e., dynamic perceptions of affective cues) and social-cognitive processing (i.e., interpretation or reasoning with regard to the affectiveExpand
Impaired theory of mind and symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder in children with Prader-Willi syndrome.
TLDR
A markedly reduced level of social cognitive functioning is demonstrated in children with Prader-Willi syndrome, which has consequences for the approach of children with PWS, i.e. adjustment to the child's level ofsocial cognitive functioning. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 139 REFERENCES
Is There a Social Module? Language, Face Processing, and Theory of Mind in Individuals with Williams Syndrome
TLDR
This work evaluates the details of this hypothesis through a series of experiments on language, face processing, and theory of mind carried out with subjects with Williams syndrome, a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder resulting in an uneven lin-guisticocognitive profile. Expand
Theory of mind and autism: A review
Publisher Summary This chapter describes the different aspects of the theory of mind and autism. Difficulty in understanding other minds is a core cognitive feature of autism spectrum conditions. ItExpand
Autism and theory of mind in everyday life
The theory of mind account of autism suggests that the key social, communicative and imaginative impairments which characterise this disorder result from an inability to represent mental states.Expand
Reading the Windows to the Soul: Evidence of Domain-Specific Sparing in Williams Syndrome
TLDR
This study tested the hypothesis that Williams syndrome, a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder with an unusual cognitive phenotype, involves spared abilities in the domain of understanding other minds and found evidence that mentalizing is a distinct cognitive domain. Expand
Understanding other minds: Perspectives from developmental cognitive neuroscience, 2nd ed.
Section 1 Theory of mind in normal development and autism: H. Wellman and K.H. Laguttuta, developing understandings of mind A. Gopnick et al, early theories of mind - what the theory can tell usExpand
Does the autistic child have a “theory of mind” ?
Abstract We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of theExpand
Another advanced test of theory of mind: evidence from very high functioning adults with autism or asperger syndrome.
TLDR
Very high functioning adults with autism or Asperger Syndrome are reported on an adult test of theory of mind ability, providing evidence for subtle mindreading deficits in very high functioning individuals on the autistic continuum. Expand
Cognitive, adaptive, and behavioral characteristics of Williams syndrome.
TLDR
A variety of cognitive, adaptive, and behavioral patterns have been shown to be possible in Williams syndrome; therefore, a single predictable cognitive or behavioral phenotype cannot be assumed. Expand
Linguistic abilities in children with Williams-Beuren syndrome.
TLDR
Results show that children with WB syndrome do not differ in most qualitative and quantitative tasks with regard to verbal competence and are less likely to lisp as compared to the control children. Expand
The role of age and verbal ability in the theory of mind task performance of subjects with autism.
  • F. Happé
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Child development
  • 1995
TLDR
The role of age and verbal ability in theory of mind task performance was explored and suggested that children with autism required far higher verbal mental age to pass false belief tasks than did other subjects. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...