A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species‐level supertree of the extant ruminants

  title={A complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships in Ruminantia: a dated species‐level supertree of the extant ruminants},
  author={Manuel Hern{\'a}ndez Fern{\'a}ndez and Elisabeth S. Vrba},
  journal={Biological Reviews},
This paper presents the first complete estimate of the phylogenetic relationships among all 197 species of extant and recently extinct ruminants combining morphological, ethological and molecular information. The composite tree is derived by applying matrix representation using parsimony analysis to 164 previous partial estimates, and is remarkably well resolved, containing 159 nodes (>80% of the potential nodes in the completely resolved phylogeny). Bremer decay index has been used to indicate… 
A multi-calibrated mitochondrial phylogeny of extant Bovidae (Artiodactyla, Ruminantia) and the importance of the fossil record to systematics
  • F. Bibi
  • Geography, Environmental Science
    BMC Evolutionary Biology
  • 2013
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