A comparison of the shaping characteristics of two nickel-titanium endodontic hand instruments.


AIM The purpose of this study was to compare the shaping characteristics of Ni-Ti K-files and Ni-Ti S-files manipulated by hand. METHODOLOGY A total of 60 extracted human roots were embedded in resin blocks. The embedded roots were divided into three groups: (i) roots with straight; (ii) apically curved; and (iii) continuously curved canals. Each of the… (More)


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