A comparison of statistical methods for meta‐analysis

  title={A comparison of statistical methods for meta‐analysis},
  author={Sarah E. Brockwell and Ian R. Gordon},
  journal={Statistics in Medicine},
Meta‐analysis may be used to estimate an overall effect across a number of similar studies. A number of statistical techniques are currently used to combine individual study results. The simplest of these is based on a fixed effects model, which assumes the true effect is the same for all studies. A random effects model, however, allows the true effect to vary across studies, with the mean true effect the parameter of interest. We consider three methods currently used for estimation within the… 

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