A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects.

@article{MacKinnon2002ACO,
  title={A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects.},
  author={D. MacKinnon and C. Lockwood and J. Hoffman and S. West and V. Sheets},
  journal={Psychological methods},
  year={2002},
  volume={7 1},
  pages={
          83-104
        }
}
A Monte Carlo study compared 14 methods to test the statistical significance of the intervening variable effect. An intervening variable (mediator) transmits the effect of an independent variable to a dependent variable. The commonly used R. M. Baron and D. A. Kenny (1986) approach has low statistical power. Two methods based on the distribution of the product and 2 difference-in-coefficients methods have the most accurate Type I error rates and greatest statistical power except in 1 important… Expand
7,591 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Paper Mentions

Interventional Clinical Trial
This study assesses the associations between genetic factors, food-cue-related neural reactivity, self-regulatory capacity, eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), and adiposity… Expand
ConditionsChildhood Obesity
InterventionBehavioral, Other
Interventional Clinical Trial
This project will address impaired emotion regulation in adolescents with ASD (autism spectrum disorder). There are no evidence-based interventions to improve emotion regulation… Expand
ConditionsAutism Spectrum Disorder
InterventionBehavioral
Interventional Clinical Trial
Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a significant public health problem, with prevalence rates of 13.9% for current and 29.1% for lifetime diagnosis (Grant et al., 2015). AUD creates harm at… Expand
ConditionsAlcohol Abuse, Alcohol Dependence, Alcohol Drinking, (+1 more)
InterventionBehavioral
Interventional Clinical Trial
This Phase II SBIR tests a newly developed web-based online parenting skills training and youth drug prevention program based on the evidenced-based "Strengthening Families Program… Expand
ConditionsSubstance Abuse
InterventionBehavioral
A comparison of the type I error rates of three assessment methods for indirect effects
  • 1
  • PDF
Tests of the Three-Path Mediated Effect
  • 744
  • PDF
A Comparison of Methods to Test for Mediation in Multisite Experiments
  • 92
  • Highly Influenced
Advances in testing the statistical significance of mediation effects.
  • 727
  • Highly Influenced
  • PDF
Bias, Type I Error Rates, and Statistical Power of a Latent Mediation Model in the Presence of Violations of Invariance
  • 7
The Performance of Methods to Test Upper-Level Mediation in the Presence of Nonnormal Data
  • 97
  • Highly Influenced
Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: new procedures and recommendations.
  • 5,076
  • Highly Influenced
  • PDF
Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations.
  • 3,894
  • PDF
Power Anomalies in Testing Mediation
  • 266
Demonstration and evaluation of a method for assessing mediated moderation
  • 175
  • PDF
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 67 REFERENCES
A Simulation Study of Mediated Effect Measures.
  • 1,385
Equivalence of the Mediation, Confounding and Suppression Effect
  • 2,578
  • PDF
Effect Analysis in Structural-Equation Models II
  • 81
The Decomposition of Effects in Path Analysis
  • 1,293
  • PDF
Mediators, Moderators, and Tests for Mediation.
  • 1,417
  • PDF
Analysis of mediating variables in prevention and intervention research.
  • 278
  • PDF
Total, Direct, and Indirect Effects in Structural Equation Models
  • 364
  • PDF
...
1
2
3
4
5
...