A comparison of gasless mechanical and conventional carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum methods for laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


UNLABELLED Carbon dioxide (CO2) insufflation with increased intraabdominal pressure (IAP) has adverse hemodynamic, pulmonary, and renal effects. To avoid these problems, an abdominal wall lift method with a retractor was used to provide the surgical view without CO2 insufflation. Twenty-six patients undergoing elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were… (More)


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