A comparison of espoused theories of self- and mutual help: implications for mental health professionals

  title={A comparison of espoused theories of self- and mutual help: implications for mental health professionals},
  author={Lisa McFadden and Edward Seidman and Julian Rappaport},
  journal={Professional Psychology: Research and Practice},
Nonprofessional helping organizations, known as selfor mutual-help groups, are viewed as homogeneous, varying primarily in the problem addressed. However, there is great diversity in their methods, even among groups addressing similar problems, which has important implications for referring clinicians. Results of this study, which is a content analysis of the literature of 2 internationally known organizations for the mentally ill, suggest nonprofessional helping organizations are not… 

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