A comparison between a hinged plate and screw system and a conventional tension-band plate and screw system used for correction of an angular deformity of the lower limb: an animal study

Abstract

BACKGROUND The purpose of the animal study is to introduce a newly designed hinged plate and screw system for correction of angular deformities of the lower limbs. The technique was compared with the use of a conventional tension-band plate and screw system. METHODS This is a randomized controlled animal trial. Eight 3-month-old Bama miniature pigs were used to establish animal models. In each animal, one leg was randomly allocated into study group and another leg into control group. Legs of the study group were corrected with a hinged plate and screw system, and legs of the control group were corrected with a conventional tension-band plate and screw system. The corrective rates of medial slope angle, medial proximal tibial angle, and angle of the two arms of the hinged plate were measured. Residual stress on the implants was also evaluated. A P < 0.05 was statistical significant. RESULTS At the final measurements of 18 weeks, the mean corrective rates of medial slope angle, medial proximal tibial angle, and angle of the two arms of the study group were 0.71°/week, 0.85°/week, and 2.18°/week, respectively; the data in the control group were 0.84°/week, 0.89°/week, and 2.13°/week, respectively. No significant difference was found between the groups regarding the mean corrective rates of the angles (P < 0.05). The mean residual stress in the study group was 643.35 MPa, and measurement in the control group was 1,273.63 MPa, with a significant difference (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Compared to the conventional tension-band plate and screw system, the hinged plate and screw system may be more reliable for correction of angular deformities of the lower limb.

DOI: 10.1186/s13018-015-0198-4

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@inproceedings{Wu2015ACB, title={A comparison between a hinged plate and screw system and a conventional tension-band plate and screw system used for correction of an angular deformity of the lower limb: an animal study}, author={Zhenkai Wu and Dahang Zhao and Li Zhao and Jianlin Liu and Hai Li and Jie Zhu and Fengcang Ma and Daniel Edward Porter}, booktitle={Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research}, year={2015} }