A comparison between NRZ and RZ data formats with respect to PMD-induced system degradation

@article{Sunnerud2001ACB,
  title={A comparison between NRZ and RZ data formats with respect to PMD-induced system degradation},
  author={Henrik Sunnerud and Mats Karlsson and P. A. Andrekson},
  journal={IEEE Photonics Technology Letters},
  year={2001},
  volume={13},
  pages={448-450}
}
We quantify the polarization-mode dispersion (PMD)-induced system outage probability by means of numerical simulations for nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) and return-to-zero (RZ) data formats with proper comparative conditions and find that RZ performs better than NRZ. We also study the impact of the RZ duty-factor and the tradeoff between power margin and acceptable PMD. 
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