Corpus ID: 44036618

A comparative study of indicator bacteria present in ice and soda from Las Vegas food establishments

  title={A comparative study of indicator bacteria present in ice and soda from Las Vegas food establishments},
  author={Kimberly Hertin},
Repeated detection of microbes in beverages dispensed from soda fountain machines and the effect of flushing on microbial density.
It would be valuable for consumers to encourage increased surveillance of SFMs, and to dispense some beverage before filling their cups, to suggest that disinfecting may disturb microbial communities, resulting in increased planktonic microbes, but not the ultimate removal of communities themselves. Expand
Microbiological quality of ice and ice machines used in food establishments.
In this study, the objective of this study was to monitor the microbiological quality of ice, the water used in producing ice and the hygienic conditions of ice making machines in various food enterprises. Expand
Identification of Escherichia coli Strains from Water Vending Machines of Kelantan, Malaysia Using 16S rRNA Gene Sequence Analysis
The results from this study further improve the understanding of the potential microorganisms in drinking water and reduce the risk of contamination from lack of hygienic practices and maintenance of water vending machines. Expand


Beverages obtained from soda fountain machines in the U.S. contain microorganisms, including coliform bacteria.
It is suggested that soda fountain machines may harbor persistent communities of potentially pathogenic microorganisms which may contribute to episodic gastric distress in the general population and could pose a more significant health risk to immunocompromised individuals. Expand
Water Quality Report
  • Retrieved from
  • 2011
2009 Edition of the Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories
  • Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office.
  • 2009
Microbiological quality of drinking water from dispensers in Italy
The bacteriological quality of tap water was superior to that of non-carbonated and carbonated water from coolers and the importance of adopting appropriate routinely monitoring system is emphasized to prevent or to diminish the chances of contamination of this water source. Expand
Detection of microorganisms in environmental freshwaters and drinking waters.
The presence of some microorganisms in waters is used as an indication of possible contamination and as an index of quality deterioration and the detection of thermotolerant coliforms in treated drinking waters should be a cause for concern. Expand
Heterotrophic plate count measurement in drinking water safety management: report of an Expert Meeting Geneva, 24-25 April 2002.
A group of microbiology and public health experts including regulatory and medical expertise was convened in Geneva, Switzerland, 25-26 April 2002 to consider the utility of heterotrophic plate countExpand
Conditions Favouring Coliform and HPC Bacterial Growth and on Water Contact Surfaces
  • Heterotrophic Plate Counts and Drinking-Water Safety: The Significance of HPCs for Water Quality and the Human Health (pp. 177-197). Cornwall, UK: Publish on behalf of WHO by IWA Publishing.
  • 2003
Waterborne diseases.
Waterborne diseases, by definition, are those that are transmitted by ingestion of contaminated water. Important waterborne diseases include diarrhoeal diseases, cholera, shigella, typhoid, hepatitisExpand
Biofilms in Potable Water Distribution Systems
High bacterial populations in potable water distribution systems, sometimes referred to as events or blooms, have troubled utilities because of their possible implications for the hygienic safety andExpand