AIM To analyse the shaping ability of two new NiTi rotary systems in molar curved canals. METHODOLOGY Thirty molar root canals with curvatures from 24 degrees to 69 degrees were divided into two groups that were balanced in terms of curvature. The canals in one group were shaped using the Mtwo (Sweden & Martina, Padova, Italy) and the canals in the other group using the Endoflare-Hero Shaper (Micro-Mega, Besançon, France) in a modified sequence. Pre- and post-instrumentation X-rays were taken using a radiographic platform, with a contrast medium being used to enhance canal opacity. The dentine removed at five positions along the canals, the symmetry of canal shaping and the presence of aberrations were analysed through computer-aided measurements. The instrument failures, the working time and the changes in working length were also recorded. The Mann-Whitney U-test was used for statistical analyses. RESULTS Both systems produced uniform dentine removal and symmetrical canal shapes; there was no significant difference between the systems (P > 0.05). In the apical region, preparations were centred in the canal. A mean loss of working length of 0.55 mm for Mtwo and 0.58 mm for Endoflare-Hero Shaper was detected, with no significant differences between the instruments (P > 0.05). No aberrations were seen and no instruments separated. The mean working time was 124.4 s for the Mtwo system and 141.3 s for the Endoflare-Hero Shaper but this difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION The systems tested in this study were effective in shaping curved canals in extracted teeth.