A comparative analysis of precision rescue behaviour in sand-dwelling ants

  title={A comparative analysis of precision rescue behaviour in sand-dwelling ants},
  author={Karen L. Hollis and Elise Nowbahari},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
Cause, development, function, and evolution: Toward a behavioral ecology of rescue behavior in ants.
Research designed to address questions about the function, evolution, cause, and development of rescue behavior in C. piliscapa is described, both to highlight comparative similarities and differences and to draw attention to still unanswered questions.
Rescue behaviour in a social bird: removal of sticky ‘bird-catcher tree’ seeds by group members
First recorded case of rescue behaviour in birds is reported in the cooperatively breeding Seychelles warbler, where individuals were observed displaying behaviour aimed at removing sticky seeds from the feathers of an entangled individual belonging to their group.
Ants Co-Occurring with Predatory Antlions Show Unsuccessful Rescue Behavior towards Captured Nestmates
It is found that ants were the main potential prey items in artificial traps placed inside aggregation zones of antlions and that Formica cinerea workers comprised the majority of these ants.
Precision Rescue Behavior in North American Ants
These results are the first to document precision rescue in a North American ant species; moreover, unlike rescue in other ants, T. sp.
Comparative analysis of experimental testing procedures for the elicitation of rescue actions in ants
Abstract Rescue behavior is observed when 1 individual provides help to another individual in danger. Most reports of rescue behavior concern ants (Formicidae), in which workers rescue each other
Moribund Ants Do Not Call for Help
Significant differences were found in the frequency of rescue behaviours in response to antlion victims with differing life expectancies, and there was a qualitative difference in the behaviour of rescuers to victims from the low and high life expectancy groups.
Do Odontomachus brunneus nestmates request for help and are taken care of when caught?
It could be concluded from the results that O. brunneus workers respond to signals emitted by workers who may have been captured by a potential predator, prompting the performance of behaviors related to rescue attempts.
Analysis of ants’ rescue behavior reveals heritable specialization for first responders
Rescue behavior, in which Cataglyphis cursor ants release entrapped nestmates, is heritable, and this specialization emerges as early as 5 days of age, and the frequency of rescuers remains constant across ants' age ranges.


Ants, Cataglyphis cursor, Use Precisely Directed Rescue Behavior to Free Entrapped Relatives
Snare biting, a behavior never before reported in the literature, demonstrates that rescue behavior is far more sophisticated, exact and complexly organized than the simple forms of helping behavior already known, namely limb pulling and sand digging.
While the behaviour of ant-lion larvae is consistent with an energy maximizer strategy it is concluded that the approach is of limited value in this instance.
A Chemical Releaser of Alarm and Digging Behavior in the Ant Pogonomyrmex Badius (Latreille)
According to this author, workers of certain deserticolous species of the dolichoderine and formicine genera ForeIius, Tapinornu, Iridomynflex, Doryrnyrnex, and Camponotvs apparently can discharge abdominal secretions that create this effect among other workers through the air over short distances.
Specialized Learning in Antlions (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae), Pit-Digging Predators, Shortens Vulnerable Larval Stage
A novel manifestation of antlions' learned response to cues predicting prey arrival is demonstrated, behavior that does not match the typical “learning curve” but which is well-adapted to their sedentary predation strategy.
Responses of the trunk routes of a harvester ant to plant density
Results concur with a model of structural strategy change (“guerilla” — “phalanx”) (Hutchings 1988) at the level of trunk routes of Messor barbarus.
Substrate particle size affects pit building decision and pit size in the antlion larvae Euroleon nostras (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae)
It is assumed that the antlion is capable of distinguishing between substrate types and this hypothesis is tested by giving larvae the choice of building a pit in one of four particle‐size fractions, but only occasionally in the coarser fraction.
Mechanisms regulating caste differentiation in an aphid social system
The mechanisms that coordinate aphid society are demonstrated, and a striking case of clonal superorganism system where simple responses of colony members to local extrinsic stimuli are integrated into a highly organized regulation of the whole colony is provided.
The Superorganism: The Beauty, Elegance, and Strangeness of Insect Societies
The Pulitzer Prize-winning authors of The Ants render the extraordinary lives of the social insects in this visually spectacular volume, and provides a deep look into a part of the living world hitherto glimpsed by only a very few.
Stridulation in Leaf-Cutting Ants
  • H. Markl
  • Environmental Science
  • 1965
The leaf-cutting ant Atta caphaloes L. stridulates whenever it is prevented from moving freely, and the groundconducted stridulation sound that acts as a distress alarm attracts other workers, and if the "calling" ant is covered by earth, intensive digging is released in the attracted nest mates.