A coherence effect in multimedia learning: The case for minimizing irrelevant sounds in the design of multimedia instructional messages.

@inproceedings{Moreno2000ACE,
  title={A coherence effect in multimedia learning: The case for minimizing irrelevant sounds in the design of multimedia instructional messages.},
  author={Roxana Moreno and Richard E. Mayer},
  year={2000}
}
The authors tested the recommendation that adding bells and whistles (in the form of background music and/or sounds) would improve the quality of a multimedia instructional message. In 2 studies, students received an animation and concurrent narration intended to explain the formation of lightning (Experiment 1) or the operation of hydraulic braking systems (Experiment 2), For some students, the aathors added background music (Group NM), sounds (Group NS), bom (Group NSM), or neither (Group N… CONTINUE READING

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