Different Effects of Androgen on the Expression of Fut1, Fut2, Fut4 and Fut9 in Male Mouse Reproductive Tract
The initial steps of leukocyte adhesion depend on selectin/ligand interactions. Surface ligands on leukocytes are often modified by addition of the sialyl Lewis x (CD15s) determinant. Biosynthesis of CD15s is dependent upon alpha(2,3)sialyltransferases and alpha(1,3)fucosyltransferases. We report the isolation of an HL60 cell line variant, HL60A2, that no longer expresses CD15s. HL60A2 cells do not adhere to cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells. Enzymatic assays reveal that this cell line has normal alpha(2,3)sialyltransferase activity but is deficient in the alpha(1,3)fucosyltransferase responsible for biosynthesis of CD15s (FUT7). The fucosyltransferase that constructs the non-sialylated antigen, Lewis x (CD15), is expressed at high levels (FUT4). Transcript analyses show that FUT7 and FUT4 are inversely expressed in HL60 and variant cell lines. HL60A2 cells provide a tool to study the regulation of selectin ligands and corresponding human fucosyltransferase genes.