A clinician’s guide to recurrent isolated sleep paralysis

@article{Sharpless2016ACG,
  title={A clinician’s guide to recurrent isolated sleep paralysis},
  author={Brian A. Sharpless},
  journal={Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment},
  year={2016},
  volume={12},
  pages={1761 - 1767}
}
  • B. Sharpless
  • Published 19 July 2016
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
This review summarizes the empirical and clinical literature on sleep paralysis most relevant to practitioners. During episodes of sleep paralysis, the sufferer awakens to rapid eye movement sleep-based atonia combined with conscious awareness. This is usually a frightening event often accompanied by vivid, waking dreams (ie, hallucinations). When sleep paralysis occurs independently of narcolepsy and other medical conditions, it is termed “isolated” sleep paralysis. Although the more specific… 

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References

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Sleep paralysis accompanied by hypnopompic (‘upon awakening’) hallucinations is an often-frightening manifestation of discordance between the cognitive/perceptual and motor aspects of rapid eye

Isolated sleep paralysis and fearful isolated sleep paralysis in outpatients with panic attacks.

A reliable semistructured interview was developed to assess ISP and their proposed fearful ISP (FISP) episode criteria in 133 patients presenting for panic disorder treatment, and only FISP was significantly associated with posttraumatic stress disorder, body mass, anxiety sensitivity, and mood and anxiety disorder symptomatology.

Exploding head syndrome is common in college students

  • B. Sharpless
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of sleep research
  • 2015
Contrary to some earlier theorizing, exploding head syndrome was found to be a relatively common experience in younger individuals, and it is recommended that it be assessed more regularly in research and clinical settings.

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  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of sleep research
  • 2002
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Factors related to the occurrence of isolated sleep paralysis elicited during a multi-phasic sleep-wake schedule.

ISP is likely to appear as a phenotype of REM dissociation during SOREMP when participants with low tolerance for disrupted sleep-wake rhythms are placed in this type of schedule.

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