A clinical classification and grading system of the cutaneous changes in onchocerciasis

  title={A clinical classification and grading system of the cutaneous changes in onchocerciasis},
  author={Michele E Murdoch and R. J. Hay and Carol MacKenzie and J.Forbes Williams and Hashim Warsama Ghalib and Simon Cousens and Adenike O Abiose and B R Jones},
  journal={British Journal of Dermatology},
Although onchocerciasis is one of the most important diseases of the skin and eye in the tropical world, to date there has been no formal consensus regarding the description and terminology of skin lesions. Furthermore, the contribution of cutaneous pathology to the morbidity and socio‐economic effects of the disease has been largely neglected. We present a clinical classification and grading system for recording the cutaneous changes of onchocerciasis, and propose that this system be used as a… 
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  • M. Murdoch
  • Medicine
    The British journal of dermatology
  • 2020
Onchocerciasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by a nematode parasite, Onchocerca volvulus, and transmitted by bites of Simulium blackflies which breed near fast‐flowing rivers. In humans,


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The prevalence values of O. volvulus infection in the two villages were significantly increased when, in addition to microfilarial presence in skin biopsies, onchocercal signs such as punctate keratitis, nodule presence andmicrofilariae in the anterior chamber were taken into consideration.
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  • Medicine, Biology
    British medical journal
  • 1960
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