A classification of illocutionary acts

  title={A classification of illocutionary acts},
  author={John R. Searle},
  journal={Language in Society},
  pages={1 - 23}
  • J. Searle
  • Published 1 April 1976
  • Linguistics
  • Language in Society
ABSTRACT There are at least a dozen linguistically significant dimensions of differences between illocutionary acts. Of these, the most important are illocutionary point, direction of fit, and expressed psychological state. These three form the basis of a taxonomy of the fundamental classes of illocutionary acts. The five basic kinds of illocutionary acts are: representatives (or assertives), directives, commissives, expressives, and declarations. Each of these notions is defined. An earlier… 
The Classification of Cooperative Illocutionary Acts
ABSTRACT The different taxonomies of illocutionary acts proposed by Austin, Searle, Vendler, Ohmann, and Fraser are compared in summary form, with Searle's taxonomy taken as a reference standard. All
The illocutionary force of laws
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Illocutionary Logic and Self-Defeating Speech Acts
Illocutionary logic is the branch of philosophical logic that is concerned with the study of the illocutionary acts (assertions, questions, requests, promises, orders, declarations…) that are
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When sentences are used in natural-language situations (e.g. conversations, discourses, monologues) they can be referred to as illocutionary acts. These acts produce effects that are conventionally
Representative and Commissive Illocutionary Acts in Donald Trump’s Inauguration Speech
This paper is entitled Representative and Commissive Illocutionary Acts in Donald Trump’s Inauguration Speech. The aims of this study are to find out the classification and the intended meaning of


Austin on Locutionary and Illocutionary Acts
JN ATTEMPTING to explore Austin's notion of an illocutionary act I have found his corresponding notion of a locutionary act very unhelpful and have been forced to adopt a quite different distinction
Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language
Part I. A Theory of Speech Acts: 1. Methods and scope 2. Expressions, meaning and speech acts 3. The structure of illocutionary acts 4. Reference as a speech act 5. Predication Part II. Some