• Corpus ID: 25857150

A cladistic analysis of Aristotle's animal groups in the Historia animalium.

  title={A cladistic analysis of Aristotle's animal groups in the Historia animalium.},
  author={Alexandra von Lieven and Marcel Humar},
  journal={History and philosophy of the life sciences},
  volume={30 2},
The Historia animalium (HA) of Aristotle contains an extraordinarily rich compilation of descriptions of animal anatomy, development, and behaviour. It is believed that Aristotle's aim in HA was to describe the correlations of characters rather than to classify or define animal groups. In order to assess if Aristotle, while organising his character correlations, referred to a pre-existing classification that underlies the descriptions in HA, we carried out a cladistic analysis according to the… 

Phylogenetic Signal in Characters from Aristotle’s History of Animals

This study suggests that even though taxonomy was clearly not Aristotle’s chief interest in Historia animalium, it was probably among his secondary interests, and may pave the way for further taxonomic studies in Aristotle's zoological writings in general.

Aristotle’s scientific contributions to the classification, nomenclature and distribution of marine organisms

An overview of Aristotle’s scientific contribution to the knowledge of marine biodiversity and specifically to taxonomic classification, nomenclature and distribution of marine species is attempted.

Frequency and Content of the Last Fifty Years of Papers on Aristotle’s Writings on Biological Phenomena

Aristotle is often named as the first zoologist or biologist because of his writings on animals. Although Aristotle’s major intention in these books was to illustrate his ideas of how knowledge and


The history of the advances of phylogenetic advances is confused with the greater knowledge about the origin of life, as maximum parsimony, neighbor joining, UPGMA, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian inference are confused.


From the literature review, Trigger (2004) suggested written recording systems could be a source of data for cultural evolution analysis due their development being “historically better documented than is that of many forms of material culture” (p. 39).

Technological Advances to Address Current Issues in Entomology: 2020 Student Debates

Abstract The 2020 Student Debates of the Entomological Society of America (ESA) were live-streamed during the Virtual Annual Meeting to debate current, prominent entomological issues of interest to

Conceptual Learning and Local Incommensurability: A Dynamic Logic Approach

In recent decades, the logical study of rational belief dynamics has played an increasingly important role in philosophy. However, the dynamics of concepts such as conceptual learning received



Aristotle's study of the animal world: the case of the kobios and phucis.

This reexamination of Aristotle's observations of two small fishes is a study into the work or the way of being of particular organic wholes, to evaluate the accuracy of those observations Aristotle makes with regard to the kobios and phucis in the History of Animals.

Marine invertebrate diversity in Aristotle’s zoology

The present study revealed that the great philosopher had a remarkable, well-balanced knowledge of the diversity of the various invertebrate groups, very similar to that acquired by modern marine biologists in the same area of study.

The Place of Mankind in Aristotle’s Zoology

Historians of psychology often treat Aristotle's De Anima as the first scientific treatment of their subject; and historians of biology do likewise with his zoological treatises. How are the

Aristotle's lantern

  • J. Lennox
  • Philosophy
    The Journal of Hellenic Studies
  • 1983
In Historia Animalium iv 531a3–5, Aristotle draws some sort of analogy between sea-urchins and lanterns–an analogy which, thanks to Jacob Klein, has found its way into the vocabulary of modern


Logical equivalence between the notions of homology and synapomorphy is reviewed and supported, and a general theoretical solution is proposed to determine evolution of characters with ambiguous distributions, based on the notion of maximization ofHomology propositions.

Cognitive foundations of natural history: Towards an anthropology of science.

1. Commonsense: its scope and limits PART I: FOLKBIOLOGY 2. Folktaxonomy 3. The semantics of living kinds PART II: ARISTOTELIAN ESSENTIALS 4. Essence and environment 5. Materials of logical division

A Greek-English Lexicon

Liddell & Scott's Greek-English Lexicon (9/e 1940) is the most comprehensive and up-to-date ancient Greek dictionary in the world. It is used by every student of ancient Greek in the English-speaking

Les mots et les choses : une archéologie des sciences humaines

Les sciences humaines d'aujourd'hui sont plus que du domaine du savoir : deja des pratiques, deja des institutions. Michel Foucault analyse leur apparition, leurs liens reciproques et la philosophie

Foundations of Biophilosophy

Fundamental issues in Biophilosophy and Psychobiology are examined, as well as fundamental issues in Ecology, Developmental Biology, and Evolutionary Theory.