A century of spine surgery: What can patients expect?

@article{Hawes2008ACO,
  title={A century of spine surgery: What can patients expect?},
  author={Martha C. Hawes and J P O'brien},
  journal={Disability and Rehabilitation},
  year={2008},
  volume={30},
  pages={808 - 817}
}
Purpose. To evaluate the hypothesis that spinal fusion surgery is an effective method to address spinal deformity-associated clinical problems, including magnitude of curvature (Cobb angle), pulmonary dysfunction, and pain. Method. A systematic review was carried out using Science Citation Index (SCI) Expanded (1900 – present), Social Sciences Citation Index (1956 – present), Arts and Humanities Citation Index (1965 – present), Medline (1950 – present) and PubMed Central databases (1887… 
Approach to scoliosis changed due to causes other than evidence: Patients call for conservative (rehabilitation) experts to join in team orthopedic surgeons
  • S. Negrini
  • Medicine
    Disability and rehabilitation
  • 2008
TLDR
The results seem to confirm the initial hypothesis: the interest of the AIS treatment community has shifted toward fusion whereas research has increased, while conservative treatment is suffering a decrease in professional interest (and diminished research).
Spinal manipulation after multiple fusions in an adult with scoliosis: a case report
TLDR
Specific thrust manipulation to areas outside of the fused spinal segments may be beneficial for decreasing pain and improving functional activities and participation levels, according to the current case report.
Debate on: Bracing in Adolescent Scoliosis Trial (BrAIST) - will the expenditure pay?
TLDR
The RCT is not at all the appropriate protocol for attempting to answer the proposed question, and neither the condition, with a variety of different curve patterns, curve stiffness, and different stages of maturity, nor the braces of different standards and different approaches, can be standardized satisfactorily.
Intervention studies on scoliosis – Review of the reviews
Reversal of childhood idiopathic scoliosis in an adult, without surgery: a case report and literature review
TLDR
Improved chest wall function and resolution of respiratory symptoms in response to nonsurgical approaches in an adult female, diagnosed at age eleven years with idiopathic scoliosis, is documents.
Scoliosis—treatment indications according to current evidence
TLDR
There is promising evidence for the application of physi-otherapy in the treatment of scoliosis in children or adolescents and for adults with curvatures exceeding 35° Cobb, and there is no evidence for spinal fusion surgery for AIS.
Scoliosis and evidence-based practice
  • H. Weiss
  • Medicine
    Physiotherapy theory and practice
  • 2011
TLDR
The current knowledge of physical methods and brace applications designed for the treatment of scoliosis, a threedimensional spinal deformity that even today seems a mystery for many clinicians is contained.
M an ag em en t Scoliosis — treatment indications according to current evidence
TLDR
It is concluded that there is promising evidence for the application of physiotherapy in the treatment of scoliosis in children or adolescents and for adults with curvatures exceeding 35° Cobb, and there is no evidence for spinal fusion surgery for AIS.
Correlation between the clinical condition of scoliosis and own body image perception among girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
TLDR
Bigger angles of spinal curvature were accompanied by lower values of subjective impression of body posture, determined by TAPS, which did not find the impact of participation in extra-school physical activity or the occurrence of scoliosis in the family on own body image perception.
Long-Term Effects of Untreated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Review of the Literature
TLDR
Long-term studies on the natural history of AIS and/or reviews concerning the long-term effects of untreated AIS concluded that AIS is a benign disorder, but older natural history studies did not distinguish between late-onset scoliosis (referred to in this paper as AIS) and EOS.
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TLDR
Long-term follow-up evaluation of Harrington rod fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis showed no important impairment of health-related quality of life, as measured by patient-oriented evaluation.
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This study shows that complication rates are similar for anterior versus posterior approaches to AIS deformity correction, and combined anterior and posterior instrumentation and fusion has double the complication rate of either anterior or posterior instrumentations and fusion alone.
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TLDR
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