A centimeter-long bacterium with DNA compartmentalized in membrane-bound organelles

@article{Volland2022ACB,
  title={A centimeter-long bacterium with DNA compartmentalized in membrane-bound organelles},
  author={Jean-Marie Volland and Silvina Gonzalez-Rizzo and Olivier Gros and Tom{\'a}{\vs} Tyml and Natalia N. Ivanova and Frederik Schulz and Danielle Goudeau and Nathalie H Elisabeth and Nandita Nath and Daniel W. Udwary and Rex R. Malmstrom and Chantal Guidi‐Rontani and Susanne Bolte-Kluge and Karen M. Davies and Ma{\"i}tena R. N. Jean and Jean Louis Mansot and Nigel J. Mouncey and Esther R. Angert and Tanja Woyke and Shailesh V. Date},
  journal={bioRxiv},
  year={2022}
}
Cells of most bacterial species are around 2 µm in length, with some of the largest specimens reaching 750 µm. Using fluorescence, x-ray, and electron microscopy in conjunction with genome sequencing, we characterized Ca. Thiomargarita magnifica, a bacterium with an average cell length greater than 9,000 µm that is visible to the naked eye. We found that these cells grow orders of magnitude over theoretical limits for bacterial cell size through unique biology, display unprecedented polyploidy… 
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