A case of conjoined twins (thoraco-omphalopygopagus tribrachius tetrapus) in lamb


Nearly completed conjoined or fused symmetrical twins are generally called diplopagus. Sheep conjoined twins have been reported less than cow. An apparently female conjoined twin lambs was examined based on external and internal features. In radiology, two vertebral columns and two pairs of the ribs were seen. Only two heads and two necks were separated (thoraco-omphalopygopagus). There were three forelimbs (tribrachius), one of which grew on dorsal region as a notomelus. Teat buds of the monsters differed in number. Only one lamb had umbilicus, including one umbilical vein, and two umbilical arteries locating besides one urinary bladder. This lamb had also one uterus. Two-separated alimentary tracts were observed in a common abdomen. Common thorax and abdominal cavities were separated by a diaphragm. There were two esophageal hiatuses, and two caval foramina but only one aortic hiatus. Two pairs of lungs and two unequal and connected hearts in a common pericardium were observed. Abnormality of the circulatory system might have caused the death of the twins.

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@inproceedings{Mazaheri2014ACO, title={A case of conjoined twins (thoraco-omphalopygopagus tribrachius tetrapus) in lamb }, author={Yazdan Mazaheri and Jamal Nourinezhad and Reza Ranjbar and Mahmood Khaksary Mahabady and Ali Reza Ghadiri and Hamid Lombeshkon}, booktitle={Veterinary research forum : an international quarterly journal}, year={2014} }