We report a case of a 44-year-old male with advanced lower rectal cancer that showed a significant effect after preoperative chemoradiation therapy. Preoperative radiation and chemotherapy included whole pelvis irradiation (30 Gy in total), oral UFT (500 mg/day), and Leucovorin (75 mg/day) was administered daily for 4 weeks. Consequently, the patient underwent a total pelvic exenteration with lymph node dissection (D 3). Histopathological findings showed: invasion to peritoneum(Ai); stage IIIa with n(-); and histological grading, Grade 2. Preoperative chemoradiation therapy appears to be effective for locally advanced lower rectal cancer.