The patient was 71-year-old male with a history of sinobronchial syndrome since 8 years ago. He has been suffering from cough, sputum and upper abdominal discomfort since January 1994. He was diagnosed as an early gastric cancer by endoscopy, and his chest X-ray film showed an infiltrative shadow in the right upper lung field. A smear of the sputum specimen was positive for acid fast bacilli, which were later identified as Mycobacterium intracellulare. In this case, before the Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, it was confirmed that his mucociliary transport was severely impaired by using aerosol inhalation cine-scintigraphy. This case suggests that an impairment of the local defence mechanisms may play an important role in the pathogenesis of Mycobacterium intracellulare infection.