A brief history of work expectations for welfare mothers.

  title={A brief history of work expectations for welfare mothers.},
  author={S. Blank and Barbara B. Blum},
  journal={The Future of children},
  volume={7 1},
The best known of the nation's welfare programs, Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), has from its inception reflected a tension between the desire to support children in poor, lone-parent families and the belief that parents should be held responsible for providing for themselves and their children. Against that backdrop, this article reviews the history of the AFDC program and traces the emergence of policies and programs intended to encourage employment of the parents (almost… 

Implications of the 1996 Welfare Legislation for Children: A Research Perspective

In this report we use results from evaluations of welfare-to-work programs and findings of basic research on children and families to anticipate the implications for children of the 1996 federal

Welfare and Work: Complementary Strategies for Low-Income Women?.

We examine the effects of mothers' strategies of combining employment and welfare receipt during the first 3 years of their child's life on the child's cognitive development, behavior problems, and

Effects of Combining Public Assistance and Employment on Mothers and Their Young Children

The proposition that welfare and work may be complementary rather than opposing strategies, in terms of putting together a family income package, is discussed.

Welfare policies and covert behaviors: Understanding the effects on low-income families needing child support in central Iowa

When President Clinton signed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) into law on August 22, 1996, programs to strengthen child support enforcement and improve

Navigating the discourse of dependency: Welfare-reliant mothers in college an institutional ethnography

The goal of this ethnographic case study is to produce a contextual, empirical analysis of the experience of welfare-reliant mothers who are attempting to get a college degree following the passage

Welfare-to-work interventions and their effects on the mental and physical health of lone parents and their children.

The effects of welfare-to-work interventions on health were generally positive but of a magnitude unlikely to have any tangible effects, and adult health outcomes were described as 'maternal'.

How is ‘welfare‐to‐work’ shaped by contingencies of economy, welfare policy and human capital?

This research weighed the impact made by the economy, welfare policy and human capital on unemployed welfare mothers in the USA. Specifically, it asked how welfare mothers’ employment status, poverty

Identity, Power, and the California Welfare-Rights Struggle, 1963–1975

This article explores the work of welfare-rights activists in 1960s and 70s California. These activists were mostly working-class black and some white mothers, and the majority of them were

Children and poverty: analysis and recommendations.

Despite the observation by Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan that “the issue of how many children this bill puts into poverty has great concreteness for legislators,” the welfare reform legislation was enacted and is being implemented as this journal issue goes to press.

Welfare‐to‐work interventions and their effects on the mental and physical health of lone parents and their children

The effects of welfare‐to‐work interventions on health were generally positive but of a magnitude unlikely to have any tangible effects.



Escape from poverty : what makes a difference for children?

1. Whose responsibility? An historical analysis of the changing role of mothers, fathers, and society P. Lindsay Chase-Lansdale and Maris A. Vinovskis 2. The life circumstances and development of

When the witch doctors agree: The family support act and social science research

In 1986 the author was recruited by Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan to draft new federal welfare reform legislation for the 100th Congress. The result was the Family Support Act of 1988. From the

Congress writes a law: Research and welfare reform

This paper traces the development of the Family Support Act of 1988 in the U.S. House of Representatives. The author, a Republican staff member, examines the impact of research on the policy

Who cares for America's children? : child care policy for the 1990s

The critical need for a more coherent policy on child care is explored, the barriers to developing a national child care policy are looked at, the factors in child care that are most important to children's development are evaluated, and ways of protecting children's physical well-being and fostering their development inChild care settings are examined.

Faces of Poverty: Portraits of Women and Children on Welfare

Faces of Poverty dispels the misconceptions and myths about welfare and the welfare population that have clouded the true picture of poverty in America. At a time when welfare has become a hotly

Two-generation programs: design, cost, and short-term effectiveness.

This article describes two-generation programs and how they differ from earlier single-focus approaches to serve children and families and concludes with recommendations for program improvement and future research.

Two-Generation Programs: Design, Cost, and Short-Term Effectiveness

The short-term results of these six programs indicate mixed and modest results in promoting the development of children and improving the parenting skills and economic self-sufficiency of parents.

From Welfare to Work

Because of the great success of the last years Welfare-to-Work Conference in Rotterdam we’ve decided to organize the 2010 edition coming 26, 27 & 28 May 2010 at the SS Rotterdam in Rotterdam, the

A brief history of federal financing for child care in the United States.

How the values of American society have shaped the federal funding of child care and early education services is examined and a confused collection of funding streams with no uniform goals, standards, or administrative structure is traced.