Targeted Oncolytic Peptide for Treatmentof Ovarian Cancers
- Coulter, Keener, and Alila
The HER-2 oncoprotein is commonly overexpressed in a variety of human malignancies and has become an attractive antitumor target. A number of strategies to inhibit the HER-2 receptor tyrosine kinase are currently the focus of intensive preclinical and clinical research. In the present study, we have engineered a bifunctional peptide, BHAP, which consists of two modular domains: a HER-2-targeting/neutralizing domain and a mitochondriotoxic, proapoptotic domain. The chimeric peptide is biologically active and capable of selectively triggering apoptosis of HER-2-overexpressing cancer cells in culture, even those previously described as Herceptin resistant. Furthermore, BHAP slows down growth of HER-2-overexpressing human mammary xenografts established in SCID mice. This approach can be extended to the development of tailored targeted chimeric peptides against a number of overexpressed cellular receptors implicated in the development and progression of cancer.