A bi-level control architecture for the optimal operation of smart grids


A bi-level approach is here proposed for the optimal control of smart grids, microgrids, virtual power plants and in general for power and energy systems that include distributed energy resources, renewables and storage devices. The upper decision level has the function of fixing the values of a certain set of parameters (reference values), to be applied at… (More)
DOI: 10.1109/CCA.2014.6981443


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