A ZAP-70 kinase domain variant prevents thymocyte-positive selection despite signalling CD69 induction.

Abstract

Quantitative reductions in T-cell receptor (TCR) signalling are associated with severe immunodeficiency, yet in certain cases can lead to autoimmunity. Mutation of the tyrosine kinase ZAP-70 can cause either of these outcomes, yet the limits of its signal transducing capacity are not well defined. To investigate these limits we have made use of mrtless: a chemically induced mutation of Zap70 associated with T-cell deficiency. Unlike cells devoid of ZAP-70, mrtless thymocytes showed partial induction of CD5 and CD69, and were sensitive to TCR stimulation with a dose-response shifted approximately 10-fold. However, essentially no T cells were able to compensate for the mrtless mutation and mature beyond the CD4⁺ CD8⁺ stage. This outcome contrasts with a ZAP-70 Src Homology 2 domain mutant strain, where high-affinity self-reactive TCR are positively selected rather than deleted. We discuss these data with respect to current models of TCR signalling in thymocyte selection.

DOI: 10.1111/imm.12220

Cite this paper

@article{Siggs2014AZK, title={A ZAP-70 kinase domain variant prevents thymocyte-positive selection despite signalling CD69 induction.}, author={Owen M Siggs and Adele L. Yates and Susan M. Schlenner and Adrian Liston and Sylvie Lesage and Christopher C Goodnow}, journal={Immunology}, year={2014}, volume={141 4}, pages={587-95} }