A View from the Sea: Perspectives on the Northern and Central Vietnamese Coast

  title={A View from the Sea: Perspectives on the Northern and Central Vietnamese Coast},
  author={Li Tana},
  journal={Journal of Southeast Asian Studies},
  pages={83 - 102}
  • L. Tana
  • Published 1 February 2006
  • History
  • Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
This article challenges the perceived image of ‘traditional’ Vietnam by viewing the polity's early history from the sea. A trading zone existed in the Gulf of Tonkin area, stretching to Hainan Island and northern Champa by sea, and overland to Yunnan and Laos. Commerce and interactions of peoples in this area played a crucial part in state formation for Vietnam. 
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  • L. Tana
  • History
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  • 2014
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reprint), p. 233; cf. the statement by Ma Dc Kính Th D u ' to Qing officials that 'my ancestors came from Chaxiang village, Dongguan district
  • Beijing: Zhonghua Shuju
  • 1993
Vabn hóa và cu ' dân d -g ông ba b g ng Sông Hô g ng
  • 1991
5: 1a; the Chinese legend is in Qidong yeyu, quoted in Gudai Zhong-Yue guanxishi
These areas were located between today's Nam Ði Dnh, Ninh Bình and Hu ' ng Yên; see VSL
This multi-ethnic picture was similar to that of the present-day Mekong Delta, where Vietnamese cohabit with Khmer, Cham and Chinese, and share significantly different cultural worldviews