A Victory over Mari and the Fall of Ebla

  title={A Victory over Mari and the Fall of Ebla},
  author={Alfonso Archi and Maria Giovanna Biga},
  journal={Journal of Cuneiform Studies},
  pages={1 - 44}
  • A. Archi, M. Biga
  • Published 1 January 2003
  • History
  • Journal of Cuneiform Studies
For no more than fifty years during the twentyfourth century B.C., the political scene in northern Syria and the region of the Middle Euphrates was dominated by two equally powerful cities: Ebla and Mari. All the other city-states were obliged to submit to the hegemony of one of these two great centers, on occasion passing from one camp to the other.1 During an initial phase Mari succeeded in conducting an expansionist policy. A letter by the king Enna-Dagan clearly has the aim of intimidating… Expand
Hadda of Ḫalab and his temple in the Ebla period
During the twenty-fourth century BC, Aleppo, centre of cult of the weather god Hadda, was administered by an overseer under the control of Ebla, whose major god was Kura. Although Hadda had a templeExpand
The Amorites and the Bronze Age Near East
In this book, Aaron A. Burke explores the evolution of Amorite identity in the Near East from ca. 2500–1500 BC. He sets the emergence of a collective identity for the Amorites, one of the most famousExpand
Ritualization at Ebla
AbstractThrough ritualization mankind satisfies some of its most profound needs. In 3rd millennium BC Ebla, ritual strategies for survival took a cyclical pattern according to the alternation of theExpand
In Search of Armi
  • A. Archi
  • History
  • 2011
The older writing of the name of the city of Armi in Eblaite documents is Ar-mi-umki (Bonechi 1990a; genitive form in ARET XII 1108 II 4: PN Ar-mi-imki). It is attested in some documents from theExpand
Late Chalcolithic mass graves at Tell Brak, Syria, and violent conflict during the growth of early city-states
Abstract Excavations and surveys carried out from the mid-1990s through 2009 at Tell Brak, northeast Syria, have focused on reconstructing the socioeconomic complexity and physical growth of one ofExpand
The end of the 3rd millennium BC in the Levant: new perspectives and old ideas
The end of the 3rd millennium BC in the Levant has been interpreted as a time of settlement collapse and dislocation. A variety of theories have been proposed to account for this, such as climateExpand
Equids as Luxury Gifts at the Centre of Interregional Economic Dynamics in the Archaic urban Cultures of the Ancient Near East
The 3rd millennium bc texts from some major sites in Syria (Ebla, Nagar, Nabada) indicate the importance of equids in the trade between the region’s greatest kingdoms and especially of one species,Expand
The Architecture and Pottery of a Late Third-Millennium Residential Quarter at Tell Hamoukar, North-Eastern Syria
The 2001 excavations in Area H on Hamoukar's lower town produced a wealth of information on a residential neighbourhood of a late third-millennium BC city. The excavations were intended to addressExpand
Cycles of Civilization in Northern Mesopotamia, 4400–2000 BC
The intensification of fieldwork in northern Mesopotamia, the upper region of the Tigris-Euphrates basin, has revealed two cycles of expansion and reduction in social complexity between 4400 and 2000Expand
Beyond megadrought and collapse in the Northern Levant: The chronology of Tell Tayinat and two historical inflection episodes, around 4.2ka BP, and following 3.2ka BP
A large set of radiocarbon data is reported and the stratigraphic sequence using Bayesian chronological modelling is incorporated to create a refined timeframe for Tell Tayinat and a secure basis for analysis of the site with respect to its broader regional context and climate history. Expand


10 ma-na Si+Sa 5 babbar:kii
    2250 obv. viii 4-rev. i 5 viii. 4. 1 aktum-TUG 1 ib+IV-TUG sa6 ghn 5. i-gig-sag Ig-ma-da-ba-an 7
      Ru12-zi-ma-lik ugula Ar-ha-duki 11. 2 ma-na tar babbar:kii Tu-bal-ag
        ]-da-um-TUG-I 2 ib+II-T!UG gin 1 gi-li-lum-II a-gar5-gar5 -ba-duki 1 sal-TUG 1 ib+4-TUG sa61l ib+III-TUG grn 15. Ir-i-ba A-rf-muki 17. rgul-ba4-ti 1 gu-mug-TlUG 19