A Vicious Cycle

  title={A Vicious Cycle},
  author={Jason A. Okonofua and Gregory M. Walton and Jennifer L. Eberhardt},
  journal={Perspectives on Psychological Science},
  pages={381 - 398}
Can social–psychological theory provide insight into the extreme racial disparities in school disciplinary action in the United States? Disciplinary problems carry enormous consequences for the quality of students’ experience in school, opportunities to learn, and ultimate life outcomes. This burden falls disproportionately on students of color. Integrating research on stereotyping and on stigma, we theorized that bias and apprehension about bias can build on one another in school settings in a… 

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