A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows

@article{Georgiev2022AUP,
  title={A Universal Power-law Prescription for Variability from Synthetic Images of Black Hole Accretion Flows},
  author={Boris Georgiev and Dominic W. Pesce and Avery E. Broderick and George N. Wong and Vedant Dhruv and Maciek Wielgus and Charles F. Gammie and Chi-kwan Chan and Koushik Chatterjee and Razieh Emami and Yosuke Mizuno and Roman Gold and Christian M. Fromm and Angelo Ricarte and Doosoo Yoon and Abhishek V. Joshi and Ben S. Prather and Alejandro Cruz-Osorio and Michael D. Johnson and Oliver Porth and H{\'e}ctor Olivares and Ziri Younsi and Luciano Rezzolla and Jesse Vos and Richard L.J. Qiu and Antonios Nathanail and Ramesh Narayan and Andrew Chael and Richard Anantua and Monika A. Mościbrodzka and Kazunori Akiyama and Antxon Alberdi and Walter Alef and Juan Carlos Algaba and Keiichi Asada and Rebecca Azulay and Uwe Bach and Anne-Kathrin Baczko and David Ball and Mislav Balokovi{\'c} and John Barrett and Michi Baub{\"o}ck and Bradford A. Benson and Dan Bintley and Lindy L. Blackburn and Raymond Blundell and Katherine L. Bouman and Geoffrey C. Bower and Hope Boyce and Michael Bremer and Christiaan D. Brinkerink and Roger Brissenden and Silke Britzen and Dominique Broguiere and Thomas Bronzwaer and Sandra Bustamante and Do-young Byun and John E. Carlstrom and Chiara Ceccobello and Shami Chatterjee and Ming-Tang Chen and Yongjun 永 军 Chen 陈 and Xiaopeng Cheng and Ilje Cho and Pierre Christian and Nicholas S. Conroy and John E. Conway and James M. Cordes and Thomas M. Crawford and Geoffrey B. Crew and Yuzhu 玉竹 Cui 崔 and Jordy Davelaar and Mariafelicia De Laurentis and Roger Deane and Jessica Dempsey and Gregory Desvignes and Jason Dexter and Sheperd S. Doeleman and Sean Dougal and Sergio A. Dzib and Ralph P. Eatough and Heino Falcke and Joseph R. Farah and Vincent L. Fish and Edward B. Fomalont and Heather A. Ford and Raquel Fraga-Encinas and William T. Freeman and Per Friberg and Antonio Fuentes and Peter Galison and Roberto Garc{\'i}a and Olivier Gentaz and Ciriaco Goddi and Arturo I. G{\'o}mez-Ruiz and Jos{\'e} L. G{\'o}mez and Minfeng 敏峰 Gu 顾 and Mark A. Gurwell and Kazuhiro Hada and Daryl Haggard and Kari Haworth and Michael H. Hecht and Ronald Hesper and Dirk Heumann and Luis C. 子山 Ho 何 and Paul T. P. Ho and Mareki Honma and Chih-Wei L. Huang and Lei 磊 Huang 黄 and David H. Hughes and Shiro Ikeda and C. M. Violette Impellizzeri and Makoto Inoue and Sara Issaoun and David J. James and Buell T. Jannuzi and Michael Janssen and Britton Jeter and Wu 悟 Jiang 江 and Alejandra Jim{\'e}nez-Rosales and Svetlana G. Jorstad and Taehyun Jung and Mansour Karami and Ramesh Karuppusamy and Tomohisa Kawashima and Garrett K. Keating and Mark Kettenis and Dong-Jin Kim and Jae-Young Kim and Jongsoo Kim and Junhan Kim and Motoki Kino and Jun Yi Koay and Prashant Kocherlakota and Yutaro Kofuji and Patrick M. Koch and Shoko Koyama and Carsten Kramer and Michael Kramer and Thomas P. Krichbaum and C. Y. Kuo and Noemi La Bella and Tod R. Lauer and Daeyoung Lee and Sang-Sung Lee and Luis Lehner and Po Kin Leung and Aviad Levis and Zhiyuan 志远 Li 李 and Rocco Lico and Greg Lindahl and Michael Lindqvist and Mikhail M. Lisakov and Jun 俊 Liu 刘 and Kuo Liu and Elisabetta Liuzzo and W. Lo and Andrei P. Lobanov and Laurent Loinard and Colin J. Lonsdale and Ru-Sen 如森 Lu 路 and Jirong 基荣 Mao 毛 and Nicola Marchili and Sera B. Markoff and Daniel P. Marrone and Alan P. Marscher and Iv{\'a}n Mart{\'i}-Vidal and Satoki Matsushita and Lynn D. Matthews and Karl M. Menten and Daniel Michalik and Izumi Mizuno and James M. Moran and Kotaro Moriyama and Cornelia M{\"u}ller and Alejandro Mus and Gibwa Musoke and Ioannis Myserlis and Andrew Nadolski and Hiroshi Nagai and Neil M. Nagar and Masanori Nakamura and Gopal Narayanan and Iniyan Natarajan and Santiago Navarro Fuentes and Joey Neilsen and Roberto Neri and Chunchong Ni and Aristeidis Noutsos and Michael A. Nowak and Junghwan Oh and Hiroki Okino and Gisela N. Ortiz-L{\'e}on and Tomoaki Oyama and Daniel C. M. Palumbo and Georgios Filippos Paraschos and Jongho Park and Harriet Parsons and Nimesh Patel and Ue-li Pen and Vincent Pi{\'e}tu and Richard L. Plambeck and Aleksandar PopStefanija and Felix M. P{\"o}tzl and Jorge A. Preciado-L{\'o}pez and Hung-Yi Pu and Venkatessh Ramakrishnan and Ramprasad Rao and Mark G. Rawlings and Alexander W. Raymond and Bart Ripperda and Freek Roelofs and Alan E. E. Rogers and Eduardo Ros and Cristina Romero-Ca{\~n}izales and Arash Roshanineshat and Helge Rottmann and Alan L. Roy and Ignacio Ruiz and Chester A. Ruszczyk and Kazi L. J. Rygl and Salvador S{\'a}nchez and David S{\'a}nchez-Arg{\"u}elles and Miguel S{\'a}nchez-Portal and Mahito Sasada and Kaushik Satapathy and Tuomas Savolainen and F. P. Schloerb and Jonathan Schonfeld and Karl F. Schuster and Lijing Shao and Zhiqiang 志强 Shen 沈 and Des Small and Bong Won Sohn and Jason SooHoo and Kamal Souccar and He 赫 Sun 孙 and Fumie Tazaki and Alexandra J. Tetarenko and Paul Tiede and Remo P. J. Tilanus and Michael Titus and Pablo Torne and Efthalia Traianou and Tyler Trent and Sascha Trippe and Matthew J. Turk and Ilse van Bemmel and Huib Jan van Langevelde and Daniel R. van Rossum and Jan Wagner and Derek Ward-Thompson and J. F. C. Wardle and Jonathan Weintroub and Norbert Wex and Robert S. Wharton and Kaj Wiik and Gunther Witzel and Michael F. Wondrak and Qingwen 庆文 Wu 吴 and Paul Yamaguchi and Andr{\'e} Young and K. H. Young and Feng 峰 Yuan 袁 and Ye-Fei 业 飞 Yuan 袁 and J. Anton Zensus and Shuo Zhang and Guangyao Zhao and Shan-Shan 杉杉 Zhao 赵},
  journal={The Astrophysical Journal Letters},
  year={2022},
  volume={930}
}
We present a framework for characterizing the spatiotemporal power spectrum of the variability expected from the horizon-scale emission structure around supermassive black holes, and we apply this framework to a library of general relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (GRMHD) simulations and associated general relativistic ray-traced images relevant for Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) observations of Sgr A*. We find that the variability power spectrum is generically a red-noise process in both the… 

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