A Tropical Cyclone-Induced Ecological Regime Shift: Mangrove Forest Conversion to Mudflat in Everglades National Park (Florida, USA)

@article{Osland2020ATC,
  title={A Tropical Cyclone-Induced Ecological Regime Shift: Mangrove Forest Conversion to Mudflat in Everglades National Park (Florida, USA)},
  author={Michael J. Osland and Laura C. Feher and Gordon H. Anderson and William C Vervaeke and Ken W. Krauss and Kevin R. T. Whelan and Karen M. Balentine and Ginger Tiling-Range and Thomas J. Iii Smith and Donald R. Cahoon},
  journal={Wetlands},
  year={2020},
  pages={1-14}
}
The ecological effects of tropical cyclones on mangrove forests are diverse and highly location- and cyclone-dependent. Ecological resistance, resilience, and enhancement are terms that describe most mangrove forest responses to tropical cyclones. However, in the most extreme cases, tropical cyclones can trigger abrupt and irreversible ecological transformations (i.e., ecological regime shifts). Here, we examine a cyclone-induced ecological regime shift that occurred in Everglades National Park… 
Storm surge and ponding explain mangrove dieback in southwest Florida following Hurricane Irma
TLDR
The results indicated that storm surge and ponding caused dieback, not wind, and tidal restoration and hydrologic management in these vulnerable, low-lying coastal areas can reduce mangrove mortality and improve resilience to future cyclones.
Presence of the Herbaceous Marsh Species Schoenoplectus americanus Enhances Surface Elevation Gain in Transitional Coastal Wetland Communities Exposed to Elevated CO2 and Sediment Deposition Events
Coastal wetlands are dynamic ecosystems that exist along a landscape continuum that can range from freshwater forested wetlands to tidal marsh to mudflat communities. Climate-driven stressors, such
Hurricane Michael Altered the Structure and Function of Longleaf Pine Woodlands
Tropical cyclones can physically alter ecosystems, causing immediate and potentially long‐lasting effects on carbon dynamics. In 2018, Hurricane Michael hit the southeastern United States with
Extreme Precipitation and Flooding Contribute to Sudden Vegetation Dieback in a Coastal Salt Marsh
TLDR
This work highlights a new mechanism of sudden vegetation dieback in S. alterniflora marshes that is triggered by extreme precipitation and flooding that could not be predicted from baseline climate conditions and emphasizes the importance of incorporating climate extremes into climate vulnerability assessments to accurately characterize future climate threats.
Hurricanes overcome migration lag and shape intraspecific genetic variation beyond a poleward mangrove range limit
TLDR
Hurricanes are a prerequisite for poleward range expansion of a coastal tree species and that storms can shape the expanding gene pool by providing almost exclusively range‐margin genotypes, which should improve the ability to forecast distributional shifts of coastal species.
Evaluating a Steady-State Model of Soil Accretion in Everglades Mangroves (Florida, USA)
To determine whether mangrove soil accretion can keep up with increasing rates of sea level rise, we modeled the theoretical, steady-state (i.e., excluding hurricane impacts) limits to vertical soil
Nature-Based Engineering: A Review on Reducing Coastal Flood Risk With Mangroves
Integration of mangroves in projects to reduce coastal flood risk is increasingly being recognised as a sustainable and cost-effective alternative. In addition to the construction of conventional
Surface Elevation Change Dynamics in Coastal Marshes Along the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico: Anticipating Effects of Rising Sea-Level and Intensifying Hurricanes
Accelerated sea-level rise and intensifying hurricanes highlight the need to better understand surface elevation change in coastal wetlands. We used the surface elevation table-marker horizon
Nature versus Humans in Coastal Environmental Change: Assessing the Impacts of Hurricanes Zeta and Ida in the Context of Beach Nourishment Projects in the Mississippi River Delta
Hurricanes are one of the most devastating earth surface processes. In 2020 and 2021, Hurricanes Zeta and Ida pounded the Mississippi River Delta in two consecutive years, devastated South Louisiana,
Coastal Wetland Surface Elevation Change Is Dynamically Related to Accommodation Space and Influenced by Sedimentation and Sea-Level Rise Over Decadal Timescales
The fate of mangroves and saltmarshes under conditions of accelerating sea-level rise is dependent upon sedimentation and surface elevation gain that is sufficient to maintain substrate positions
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 105 REFERENCES
Tropical cyclones and the organization of mangrove forests: a review.
TLDR
This review focuses on the drivers and disturbance mechanisms (visible and functional) that tropical cyclones of various intensities have on mangrove ecosystem properties from around the world, as well as the potential ecosystem services role offered by mangroves along storm-ravaged coastlines.
Mangrove forests in a rapidly changing world: Global change impacts and conservation opportunities along the Gulf of Mexico coast
Hurricane disturbance and forest dynamics in east Caribbean mangroves
TLDR
The time for east Caribbean mangroves to recover from high-energy storms seems to fall within the range of the average return time of such disturbances, which may prevent such ecosystems from ever reaching a steady state.
The Long-Term Effects of Hurricanes Wilma and Irma on Soil Elevation Change in Everglades Mangrove Forests
Mangrove forests in the Florida Everglades (USA) are frequently affected by hurricanes that produce high-velocity winds, storm surge, and extreme rainfall, but also provide sediment subsidies that
Resistance to Hurricane Effects Varies Among Wetland Vegetation Types in the Marsh–Mangrove Ecotone
The capacity of coastal wetlands to stabilize shorelines and reduce erosion is a critical ecosystem service, and it is uncertain how changes in dominant vegetation may affect coastal protection. As
Rapid Losses of Surface Elevation following Tree Girdling and Cutting in Tropical Mangroves
TLDR
Observed rapid subsidence and enhanced decomposition of soil sediment organic matter caused by small-scale harvesting offers important lessons for mangrove management, particularly shoreline stabilization, coastal protection and carbon storage.
Hurricanes and Mangrove Regeneration: Effects of Hurricane Joan, October 1988, on the Vegetation of Isla del Venado, Bluefields, Nicaragua
TLDR
periodic destruction of Caribbean mangrove forests by cyclonic storms is proposed as one explanation for their characteristically low structural complexity as well as the lack of typical "climax" components in the vegetation.
The Role of the Everglades Mangrove Ecotone Region (EMER) in Regulating Nutrient Cycling and Wetland Productivity in South Florida
The authors summarize the main findings of the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research (FCE-LTER) program in the EMER, within the context of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration
Mangrove mortality in a changing climate: An overview
...
...