A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism

  title={A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism},
  author={James Clerk Maxwell},
IN his deservedly celebrated treatise on “Sound,” the late Sir John Herschel felt himself justified in saying, “It is vain to conceal the melancholy truth. We are fast dropping behind. In Mathematics we have long since drawn the rein and given over a hopeless race.” Thanks to Herschel himself, and others, the reproach, if perhaps then just, did not long remain so. Even in pure mathematics, a subject which till lately has not been much attended to in Britain, except by a few scattered… 

Natural History in the Dark: Seriality and the Electric Discharge in Victorian Physics

One of the two evening lectures at the jubilee meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1881 was delivered by the printer, stationer, mathematician, and electrical

The Hall Effect in the Context of Nineteenth-Century Physics

Hall’s motivation for carrying out the experiment whose result bears his name attests to the value of a close reading of an established text. Writing in a style that to our eyes seems remarkably open

André-Marie Ampère and his English Acquaintances

  • D. Gardiner
  • History
    The British Journal for the History of Science
  • 1965
The early years of the nineteenth century were a time of new life and fresh thought in the scientific institutions of England and France. Despite the domination of the public scene by the rise and

Ethers, Religion and Politics in Late-Victorian Physics: Beyond the Wynne Thesis

In the past thirty years historians have demonstrated that the ether of physics was one of the most fl exible of all concepts in the natural sciences. Cantor and Hodge’s seminal collection of essays

The Voltaic Origins of Helmholtz’s Physics of Ions

Early in his career, Hermann Helmholtz imagined a simple atomistic picture of galvanic and voltaic phenomena that covered all known effects and laws. As we can now judge, this picture contained some

Lamé’s Elastic Solid Ether Rekindled

An aside to the crash course on Basic mathematical structures of neo-classical continuum mechanics Energies through the ether flow, Waves travel to and fro, And with a ratio Their speed you measure.

1905, Annus Mirabilis: the Roots of the 20th-Century Revolution in Physics and the Take-off of the Quantum Theory

What were the real nature and role of the annus mirabilis, 1905, in Physics? In this paper we discuss in a historical perspective Planck’s and Einstein’s contributions as the fundamental steps in the

Maxwell, Hertz, and German radio-wave history

Although early reports about electricity and magnetism date back before Christ, it took another 2000 years until in the eighteenth century, men like B. Franklin, A. Volta, C. Coulomb, L. Galvani, and

Earnshaw (1805–1888) and Passive Magnetic Levitation

S. Earnshaw, a mathematical physicist born in England two centuries ago, was the author of studies on the transmission of sound and light. His theory on the transmission of light by “detached

B and H, the intensity vectors of magnetism: A new approach to resolving a century-old controversy

The B and H controversy, which has persisted for more than a century, is at bottom a debate over the structure of the macroscopic magnetic field, both in a vacuum and in a magnetized body. It is also