A Terminal Pleistocene Child Cremation and Residential Structure from Eastern Beringia

  title={A Terminal Pleistocene Child Cremation and Residential Structure from Eastern Beringia},
  author={Ben A. Potter and Joel D. Irish and Joshua D. Reuther and Carol Gelvin-Reymiller and Vance T. Holliday},
  pages={1058 - 1062}
Cremated remains and a burial site in central Alaska provide information on early humans in North America. The dearth of human remains and residential sites has constrained inquiry into Beringian lifeways at the transition of the late Pleistocene–early Holocene. We report on human skeletal remains and a residential structure from central Alaska dated to ~11,500 calendar years ago. The remains are from a ~3-year-old child who was cremated in a pit within a semisubterranean house. The burial… 

Mammoth Ivory Rods in Eastern Beringia: Earliest in North America

The Holzman archaeological site, located along Shaw Creek in interior Alaska, contained two mammoth ivory rods, of which one is bi-beveled, within a stratigraphically sealed cultural context. Dated

New insights into Eastern Beringian mortuary behavior: A terminal Pleistocene double infant burial at Upward Sun River

Two interred infants with associated grave goods and a third cremated child represent the earliest known human remains from the North American subarctic, and they provide evidence for novel mortuary behaviors at the end of the last Ice Age, providing rare direct data on organic technology, economy, seasonality of residential occupations, and infant/child mortality of terminal Pleistocene Beringians.

Small mammals and paleovironmental context of the terminal pleistocene and early holocene human occupation of central Alaska

This paper explores paleoenvironmental and paleoecological information that may be obtained from small‐mammal assemblages recovered at central Alaska archaeological sites dated to the terminal

Two contemporaneous mitogenomes from terminal Pleistocene burials in eastern Beringia

Two mitogenomes from human remains within Beringia are reported, with an age (∼11,500 cal B.P.) that postdates the end of the initial colonization by only a few millennia, indicating greater genetic diversity in early Beredia than in modern populations of the region.

Human Dispersal from Siberia to Beringia

With genetic studies showing unquestionable Asian origins of the first Americans, the Siberian and Beringian archaeological records are absolutely critical for understanding the initial dispersal of

Archaeological Evidence for the Construction of Features at the Kovrizhka Site, Siberia, during the Pleistocene-Holocene Transition

We present new data from the Kovrizhka site, Irkutsk Oblast’, Russia, that suggest traditional construction activities in the eastern Siberian Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic. The stone feature,

Archaeological Concepts of Remoteness and Land-Use in Prehistoric Alaska

For the first Americans to establish territories in the New World, the concept of remoteness must have differed considerably from later periods. The Middle Susitna Valley of south-central Alaska was

Skeletal variation among early Holocene North American humans: implications for origins and diversity in the Americas.

Results indicate that early Holocene males have variable postcranial morphologies, but all share the common trait of wide bodies, which provides support for a single, possibly high latitude location for the genetic isolation of ancestors of the human colonizers of the Americas.



The Colonization of Beringia and the Peopling of the New World

The discovery of a Paleoindian complex in central Alaska, combined with the recent redating of the Bering Land Bridge and key archeological sites, suggests that Beringia was settled during the final Pleistocene interstadial.

The Archaeology of Ushki Lake, Kamchatka, and the Pleistocene Peopling of the Americas

New radiocarbon dates indicate that human occupation of Ushki began only 13,000 calendar years ago, suggesting that late-glacial Siberians did not spread into Beringia until the end of the Pleistocene, perhaps too recently to have been ancestral to proposed pre-Clovis populations in the Americas.

Late quaternary regional geoarchaeology of Southeast Alaska karst: A progress report

Karst systems, sea caves, and rock shelters within the coastal temperate rain forest of Alaska's Alexander Archipelago preserve important records of regional archaeology, sea level history, glacial

Stone tool technology and the Mesa complex: Developing a framework of Alaskan Paleoindian prehistory

Several Late Pleistocene sites recently assigned to the Mesa complex have been cited as evidence of an Alaskan Paleoindian occupation. This association raises a number of questions concerning the

Radiocarbon Chronology of Central Alaska: Technological Continuity and Economic Change

  • B. Potter
  • Environmental Science
  • 2008
This research presents the first comprehensive radiocarbon chronology for central Alaska, encompassing the late Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological record. Dated component distributions,

Major features of Sundadonty and Sinodonty, including suggestions about East Asian microevolution, population history, and late Pleistocene relationships with Australian aboriginals.

  • C. G. Turner
  • Environmental Science
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1990
The case for local evolution of Sundadonty is strengthened by finding Australian teeth to be very similar to this pattern, suggesting that members of the late Pleistocene Sundaland population could have initially colonized Sahulland as well as the continental shelf of East Asia northward to Hokkaido.

Models of faunal processing and economy in Early Holocene interior Alaska

  • B. Potter
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2007
Abstract This study represents the first detailed published analysis of a relatively large archaeologically derived faunal assemblage in eastern Beringia for the Late Pleistocene/Early Holocene. The

Western Beringia at the end of the Ice Age

Archaeological materials recovered from western Beringia from the 1960s through the 1990s provide the foundation for several models of Beringian colonization. These can be identified in three broad,

Tanana River valley archaeology circa 14,000 to 9000 B.P.

  • C. Holmes
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2001
The early Tanana River valley sites are divided into two broad periods. The earliest lithic assemblages, 14,000 to 13,000 calibrated years B.P., at Healy Lake (Chindadn complex) and Swan Point (East