A Systematic Review of the Relation Between Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Chronic Diseases

@article{Goldberg2008ASR,
  title={A Systematic Review of the Relation Between Long-term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Chronic Diseases},
  author={Mark S. Goldberg},
  journal={Reviews on Environmental Health},
  year={2008},
  volume={23},
  pages={243 - 298}
}
  • M. Goldberg
  • Published 1 October 2008
  • Medicine
  • Reviews on Environmental Health
We conducted a systematic review of all studies published between 1950 and 2007 of associations between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and the risks in adults of nonaccidental mortality and the incidence and mortality from cancer and cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. We searched bibliographic databases for cohort and case-control studies, abstracted characteristics of their design and conduct, and synthesized the quantitative findings in tabular and graphic form. We assessed… 
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TLDR
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TLDR
These results strengthen the evidence linking long-term ambient air pollution exposure to increased all-cause mortality, however, the stronger associations with respiratory mortality are not consistent with most US studies in which associations with cardiovascular causes of death tend to predominate.
Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter Air Pollution and Mortality Among Canadian Women
TLDR
The findings from this study provide additional support for the hypothesis that exposure to very low levels of ambient PM2.5 increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality.
Long-term exposure to NO2 and PM10 and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a prospective cohort of women
TLDR
Living close to a major road was associated with an increased relative risk for all-cause, cardiopulmonary and respiratory mortality, and long-term exposure to ambient PM10 and NO2 wasassociated with increased mortality rates.
Meta-analysis of adverse health effects due to air pollution in Chinese populations
TLDR
Evidence on short-term effects of air pollution is consistent and sufficient for health impact assessment but that on long- term effects is still insufficient, and annual PM10 and NO2 concentrations were inversely associated with RR of mortality.
Long-term exposure to PM2.5 and cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality in an Eastern Mediterranean country: findings based on a 15-year cohort study
TLDR
The final results revealed that long-term exposure to ambient PM 2.5 with high concentrations positively correlated with IHD incidence and its major subtypes, except for mortality, accentuates the need for better air quality in many countries.
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