A Systematic Review of the Literature on Health and Wellness Coaching: Defining a Key Behavioral intervention in Healthcare

@article{Wolever2013ASR,
  title={A Systematic Review of the Literature on Health and Wellness Coaching: Defining a Key Behavioral intervention in Healthcare},
  author={R. Wolever and L. Simmons and G. Sforzo and Diana Dill and M. Kaye and Elizabeth M. Bechard and M. Southard and M. Kennedy and J. Vosloo and N. Yang},
  journal={Global Advances in Health and Medicine},
  year={2013},
  volume={2},
  pages={38 - 57}
}
Primary Objective: Review the operational definitions of health and wellness coaching as published in the peer-reviewed medical literature. Background: As global rates of preventable chronic diseases have reached epidemic proportions, there has been an increased focus on strategies to improve health behaviors and associated outcomes. One such strategy, health and wellness coaching, has been inconsistently defined and shown mixed results. Methods: A Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic… Expand
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References

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TLDR
Significant improvements in one or more of the behaviors of nutrition, physical activity, weight management, or medication adherence were identified in six of the studies and this behavioral change intervention suggests promise. Expand
The Process of Patient Empowerment in Integrative Health Coaching: How Does it Happen?
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As the field of health coaching continues to define itself, an important ongoing question involves how the structure of the provider-patient interaction is informed by the role of the healthcare provider and in turn shapes the empowerment process. Expand
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Given the rapid expansion in the field of health coaching within the larger context of health management programs, more studies employing rigorous evaluation designs are needed to advance the science and application of the concept. Expand
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TLDR
Group coaching interventions are offered by a variety of academic and private sector institutions, use both telephonic and in-person coaching, and are facilitated by professionally trained health and wellness coaches as well as trained peer coaches. Expand
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TLDR
A review of primary care-based physical activity intervention studies and the impact of changing demography and disease prevalence in the U.S. through 2050 and the summary of diabetes self-care activities: results from 7 studies and a revised scale of research evidence. Expand
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A specific style of health coaching—integrative health coaching and motivational interviewing—and motivational interviewing are described, including their origins, the processes and strategies employed, and the ways in which they are similar and different. Expand
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An Internet-based health coaching intervention to enhance patient-provider communication regarding three common conditions, chronic pain, depression, and impaired mobility, was developed using principles of self-management and aimed to engage and empower patients to collaborate with their primary care physician in managing their health conditions. Expand
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TLDR
While MI has high face validity across a number of domains in physical health care settings, the general quality of trials in this area is inadequate and therefore recommendations for its dissemination in this areas cannot yet be made. Expand
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